Roman Law and Medieval Roman Law

Compiled by Brendan McManus


The Institutes of Gaius, Francis de Zulueta, trans. (1946).

The Institutes of Gaius W.M.Gordon and O.F.Robinson trans. (Cornell UP 1988).

The Theodosian Code and novels and the Sirmondian constitutions, Clyde Pharr, ed. and trans. (Princeton UP 1952).

Corpus iuris civilis, Edd. P. Krueger, W. Kunkel, R. Schoell. 3 Vols. (Dublin-Zürich: Weidmann 1872-1988).

Justinian's Institutes, P.Birks and G.McLeod, trans. (Cornell UP 1987).

The Digest of Justinian, Alan Watson et al. trans. 4 volumes (UPenn. Press 1985) [Kruger/Mommsen Latin Edition with parallel English Translation].

The Digest of Justinian, Alan Watson et al. trans. 2 volumes (UPenn. Press 1998) [English Translation only].

Glosse preaccursiane alle Istituzioni: Strato Azzoniano, volume one, ed. Severino Caprioli, Victor Crescenzi, et al. (Fonti per la Storia d'Italia 107; Rome: Istituto Storico per il Medio Evo 1984).

La Glossa di Poppi alle Istituzioni di Giustiniano, ed. Victor Crescenzi (Fonti per la storia d'Italia 114; Rome: Istituto Storico Italiano per il Medio Evo 1990).


Adolf Berger, Encyclopedic Dictionary of Roman Law (Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 43; Philadelphia 1953).

H. Heumann, Handlexikon zu den Quellen des roemischen Rechts, ed. Emil Seckel, ninth ed. (Jena 1914).

Hugone Nicolini and Franca Sinatti d'Amico, Indices corporis iuris civilis iuxta vetustiores editiones cum criticis collatas, five volumes: v.1: Index titulorum; v.2-4: Index legum; v.5. Index paragraphorum (Milan: Giuffrè 1964-1967).

Novellae, Pars Latina: Legum Iustiniani Imperatoris vocabularium, ed. G.G. Archi and A.M. Colombo, eleven volumes (Milano 1977).

Xaverio Ochoa and Aloisio Diez, Indices titulorum et legum Corporis iuris civilis (Rome: Commentarium pro Religiosis 1965).

Vocabularium iurisprudentiae Romanae, five volumes (Berlin 1903-1939).

Vocabularium Codicis Iustiniani, ed. R. Mayr, two volumes (Prague 1923, [reprint ed. Hildesheim 1965]).

Literature: Roman Law and Comparitive Law

N Andrews, "Occidere and the Lex Aquilia", Cambridge Law Journal 46 (1987) 315ff.

Antti Arjava, Women and the Law in Late Antiquity (Oxford: Clarendon 1996) [this may be a republication of the author's, Women and the Roman law in Late Antiquity (Helsinki 1994)].

Peter Birks, "The Roman law concept of Dominium and the idea of absolute ownership", Acta Juridica (1985) 1ff.

Peter Birks, "An unacceptable face of human property", in New Perspectives in the Roman law of Property, ed. P.Birks (Oxford 1989) 61ff..

Peter Birks, A Commentary on the Institutes (Focus Publishing 1989).

Andrew Borkowski, Textbook on Roman Law, second edition (London: Blackstone 1997) [first edition 1994].

W.W. Buckland, The Roman law of slavery (Cambridge UP 1908 [reprint ed. Cambridge 1970]).

W.W. Buckland, "Ritual Acts and Words in Roman Law", in Festschrift Paul Koschaker 16 (1939).

W.W. Buckland and P. Stein, A Textbook of Roman Law from Augustus to Justinian, third edition (Cambridge UP 1963/1975).

Anton-Hermann Chroust, "Legal Education in Ancient Rome", Journal of Legal Education 7 (1955) 509ff.

J.A. Crook, Law and Life of Rome (Cornell UP 1967).

J.A. Crook, "Lex Aquilia", Athenaeum 62 (1984) 67ff.

J.A. Crook, Legal Advocacy in the Roman World (Cornell UP 1995).

David Daube, "`Ne quid infamandi causa fiat': the Roman law of Defamation", Atti del congresso internazionale di diritto romain..., Moschetti, ed. 4 vols. (Milan 1931- 33).

David Daube, "Nocere and Noxa", Cambridge Law Journal, 7 (1939-41) 23-55.

David Daube, "Did Macedo murder his father?", Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechctsgeschichte, 65 (1947) 261-311.

David Daube, "Princeps legibus solutus", L'Europa e il diritto Romano: Studi in memoria di Paolo Koschaker (Milan 1954) II.461-65.

David Daube, Forms of Roman Legislation (Oxford: Clarendon 1956).

David Daube, Roman Law: Linguistic, Social, and Philosophical Aspects (Edinburgh UP 1969)

David Daube, Collected Studies in Roman Law, two volumes (Frankfurt am Main 1992).

Charles Donahue, "Noondt, Titius, and the Natural Law School: The occupation of wild animals and the intersection of property and tort", Satura Roberto Feenstra oblata..., J.A. Ankum et al. eds. (Freibourg, Switzerland: 1985) 609-29.

Charles Donahue, "Animalia ferae naturae: Rome, Bologna, Leyden, and Queens County, New York", Studies in Roman Law in memory of A.A. Schiller, R.Bagnall and W.Harris, eds. (Leiden 1986) 39-63.

Richard Leo Enos, The Literate Mode of Cicero's Legal Rhetoric (Carbondale Ill. 1988).

M. Carr Ferguson, "A Day in Court in Justinian's Rome: Some Problems of Evidence, Proof, and Justice in Roman Law", Iowa Law Review 46 (1961) 732.

Bruce Frier, The Rise of the Roman Jurists: Studies in Cicero's Pro Caecina (Princeton UP 1985) [see also Alan Watson's review of this book in Michigan Law Review, 85 (1987) 1071-82].

Jane F. Gardner, Women in Roman Law and Society (London: Routledge 1986).

Erich S. Gruen, Roman Politics and the Criminal Courts, 149-78 B.C. (Harvard UP 1968).

Jill Harries & Ian Woods eds. The Theodosian Code: Studies in the imperial law of late antiquity (London: Duckworth 1993).

Herbert Hausmaniger, "`Benevolent' and `Humane' Opinions of Classical Roman Jurists", Boston University Law Review 61 (1981) 1138.

A.M. Honore, "The Background to Justinian's Codification", Tulane Law Review 48 (1974) 859.

A.M. Honore, "Legal Reasoning in Rome and Today", Cambrian Law Review 4 (1973) 58.

A.M. Honore, "Linguistic and Social Context of the Lex Aquilia", Irish Jurist 4 (1972) 138ff.

Tony Honore, Gaius (Oxford: Clarendon 1962).

Tony Honore, Tribonian (London 1978).

Tony Honore, Ulpian (Oxford UP 1982).

Tony Honore, Emperors and Lawyers, second edition (Oxford: Clarendon 1994).

Tony Honore, Law in the Crisis of Empire 379-445 AD (Oxford: Clarendon 1998).

David Johnston, The Roman Law of Trusts (Oxford: Clarendon 1988).

David Johnston, "Limiting Liability: Roman Law and the Civil Law Tradition", Chicago-Kent Law Review 70 (1995) 1515.

H.F. Jolowicz and Barry Nicholas, Historical Introduction to the Study of Roman Law, third edition (Cambridge UP 1972).

A.H.M. Jones, The Criminal Courts of the Roman Republic and Principate (Oxford: Blackwell 1972).

Max Kaser, Das römische Privatrecht, second edition, two volumes (Munich 1971, 1975).

Wolfgang Kunkel, An Introduction to Roman Legal and Constitutional History, second edition (Oxford: Clarendon 1973).

Andrew Lintott, Judicial Reform and Land Reform in the Roman Republic (Cambridge UP 1992).

Geoffrey MacCormack, "Formalism, Symbolism and Magic in Early Roman law", Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis 37 (1969) 439.

Geoffrey MacCormack, "Roman and African Litigation", Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis 39 (1971) 221.

Geoffrey MacCormack, "Anthropology and Early Roman Law", Irish Jurist 173 (1979).

Ernest Metzger, A New Outline of the Roman Civil Trial (Oxford: Clarendon 1998).

Elizabeth Anne Meyer, "Literacy, Literate Practice and the Law in the Roman Empire, A.D. 100-600" (Ph.D. dissertation: University of Pennsylvania 1990).

Barry Nicholas, An Introduction to Roman Law, third edition (Oxford UP 1962).

Joseph Plescia, The Bill of Rights and Roman Law: A Comparative Study (Austin and Winfield Publishers 1995).

O.F. Robinson, The Criminal Law of Ancient Rome, (London/NY: Routledge 1995).

O.F. Robinson, The Sources of Roman Law (London/NY: Routledge 1996).

O.F. Robinson, "The Role of the Senate in Roman Criminal Law During the Principate", Journal of Legal History 17 (1996).

Robert Rogers, Criminal Trials and Criminal Legislation Under Tiberius (American Philological Association Monographs No.VI: 1900).

B. Schmiedel, Consuetudo im klassischen und nachklassischen römischen Recht (Forschungen zum römischen Recht 22; Graz/Köln 1966).

Fritz Schulz, History of Roman Legal Science (Oxford: Clarendon 1946).

Fritz Schulz, Classical Roman Law (Oxford: Clarendon 1951 [repr. ed. Aalen 1992]).

William Seagle, "Gaius", in Men of Law from Hammurabi to Holmes (New York: MacMillan 1947).

George Sellett et al., "Archaic Methods of Validating a Contract: The `Blow' and the `Libation'", Michigan Law Review 21 (1922) 79.

Peter Stein, Regulae Iuris: from juristic rules to legal maxims (Edinburgh 1966).

Peter Stein, "Interpretation and Legal Reasoning in Roman Law", Chicago-Kent Law Review 70 (1995) 1539.

Paul R. Swarney, "Social Status and Social Behaviour as Criteria in Judicial Proceedings in the Late Republic", in Law, Politics, and Society in the Ancient Mediterranean World, B.Halpen, ed. (1993).

Olga Tellegen-Couperus, A short history of Roman law (New York 1990).

Peter M. Tiersma, "Rites of Passage: Legal Ritual in Roman Law and Anthropological Analogues", Journal of Legal History 9 (1988) 3ff.

Susan Treggiari, Roman Marriage (Oxford: Clarendon 1991).

Alan Watson, The law of obligations in the later Roman Republic (Oxford 1965).

Alan Watson, The law of the ancient Romans (Dallas 1970).

Alan Watson, Roman Private Law Around 200 BC (Edinburgh 1971).

Alan Watson, The law of succession in the later Roman Republic (Oxford 1971).

Alan Watson, Law Making in the Later Roman Republic (Oxford: Clarendon 1974).

Alan Watson, Rome of the XII Tables: Persons and Property (Princeton UP 1979).

Alan Watson, Roman Slave Law (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP 1987).

Alan Watson, "Roman law and English Law: Two patterns of legal development", Loyola Law Review 36 (1990) 247ff.

Alan Watson, Studies in Roman Private Law (London 1991).

Alan Watson, The Spirit of Roman Law (University of Georgia Pr. 1995).

R. Westbrook, "The nature and origins of the Twelve Tables", Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte, Romanistische Abteilung, 105 (1988) 74-121.

Francis de Zulueta, The Roman Law of Sale (Oxford: Clarendon 1957).

Literature: Medival Roman Law

Helmut Coing, ed. Handbuch der Quellen und Literatur der neueren europäischen Privatrechtsgeschichte: volume one, Mittelalter (1100-1500): Die gelehrten Rechte und die Gesetzgebung (Munich 1973).

Max Conrat, Geschichte der Quellen und Literatur des römischen Rechte im früheren Mittelalter (Leipzig 1891 [reprint ed. Aalen 1963]).

Gero Dolezalek, Verzeichnis der Handschriften zum römischen Recht bis 1600, four volumes (Frankfurt am Main: Max-Planck-Institut für Europäische Rechtsgeschichte, 1972).

Charles Donahue, "The case of the man who fell into the Tiber: The Roman law of marriage at the time of the glossators", American Journal of Legal History, 22 (1978) 1-53.

Charles Donahue, "Law, Civil --- Corpus iuris, Revival and Spread", Dictionary of the Middle Ages, volume seven (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1986) 418-425.

Linda Fowler-Magerl, Ordo iudiciorum vel ordo iudiciarius: Repertorien zur Frühzeit der gelehrten Rechte, (Ius Commune, Sonderhefte 19; Frankfurt am Main 1984).

Hermann U. Kantorowicz, Studies in the Glossators of the Roman Law (Cambridge UP 1938 [republished with added material, edited by Peter Weimar: Aalen 1969]).

Ernst Levy, West Roman Vulgar Law: The Law of Property (Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 29; Philadelphia 1951).

Wolfgang P. Müller, "The Recovery of Justinian's Digest in the Middle Ages," BMCL 20 (1990) 1-29.

Freidrich Carl von Savigny, Geschichte des römischen Rechts im Mittelalter, seven volumes, second edition (Heidelberg 1850 [reprint ed. Bad Homburg: 1961]).

Paul Vinogradoff, Roman Law in Medieval Europe (Oxford: Clarendon 1929 [reprinted Cambridge/New York 1969]).

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