ORB: On-line Reference Book for Medieval Studies

Introduction to the history of medieval boroughs

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Origins: problems of definition

Origins: continuity or creation?

Origins: wiks, burhs, and ports

Origins: planned/planted towns

The growth of self-government

The urban economy

Urban society

further reading

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Created: March 7, 1999. Last update: November 22, 2002 © Stephen Alsford, 1999-2003

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The contents of ORB are copyright © 2003 Kathryn M. Talarico except as otherwise indicated herein.