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The Crusades

The Crusades: Select General Bibliography: Secondary Sources

Paul Crawford

This bibliography is designed to serve as an introduction to the Crusades for serious students. It contains up-to-date works on a wide range of crusade-related topics. All entries are in English. Readers are also referred to the monumental bibliographies by Hans Eberhard Mayer: Bibliographie zur Geschichte der Kreuszzüge, Hanover, 1960 (the work is useful to non-German speakers); and, with Joyce McLellan and Harry Hazard, "Select Bibliography of the Crusades," in A History of the Crusades VI, ed. Hazard and Zacour, Madison, Wis., 1989, pp. 511-664. See also specific bibliographies on ORB, including "The Military Orders: Initial Bibliography."

Abulafia, David. Commerce and Conquest in the Mediterranean, 1100-1500, Aldershot [Variorum], 1993.

Barber, Malcolm. Crusaders and Heretics, 12th - 14th centuries, Aldershot [Variorum], 1995.

Bennett, Matthew, with N. Hooper. The Cambridge Illustrated Atlas of Medieval Warfare: The Middle Ages 768-907, Cambridge, 1996.

Boase, T. S. R. Castles and Churches of the Crusading Kingdom, Oxford, 1967.

-----, ed. The Cilician Kingdom of Armenia, Edinburgh and London, 1978.

Brundage, James. Medieval Canon Law and the Crusader, Madison, Wis., and London, 1969.

Burns, Robert. The Crusader Kingdom of Valencia, 2 vols., Cambridge, Mass., 1967.

Christiansen, Eric. The Northern Crusades: the Baltic and the Catholic frontier, 1100-1525, London, 1980.

Cowdrey, H. E. J. "Pope Urban II's Preaching of the First Crusade," in History 55 (1970), pp. 177-88.

Edbury, Peter, ed. Crusade and Settlement: papers read at the first conference of the Society for the Study of the Crusades and the Latin East and presented to R. C. Smail, Cardiff, 1985.

-----. The Kingdom of Cyprus and the Crusades, 1191-1374, Cambridge, 1991 (reissued in paperback, 1993).

Erdmanns, Carl. The Origins of the Idea of the Crusade, trans. M. W. Baldwin and Walter Goffart, Princeton, NJ, 1977.

Favreau-Lilie, Marie-Luise. "The German Empire and Palestine: German pilgrimages to Jerusalem between the 12th and 16th centuries," in Journal of Medieval History 21 (1995), pp. 321-41.

Folda, Jaroslav. The Art of the Crusaders in the Holy Land: 1098-1187, Cambridge, 1995.

Forey, Alan. The Military Orders: from the twelfth to the early fourteenth centuries, London, 1992.

France, John. Victory in the East: a military history of the First Crusade, Cambridge, 1994.

Gabrieli, Francesco. Arab Historians of the Crusades, London, 1969.

Gervers, Michael, ed. The Second Crusade and the Cistercians, New York, 1992.

Gillingham, John. Richard Coeur-de-Lion: kingship, chivalry and war in the twelfth century, London, 1994.

Hallam, Elizabeth, ed. Chronicles of the Crusades, New York, 1989.

Hamilton, Bernard. "Women in the Crusader States: the queens of Jerusalem (1100-1190)," in Medieval Women, ed. D. Baker, Oxford, 1978, pp. 143-73.

Holt, P. M. The Ages of the Crusades: the Near East from the eleventh century to 1517, London & New York, 1986.

-----, ed. The Eastern Mediterranean Lands in the Period of the Crusades, Warminster, England, 1977.

Housley, Norman. The Avignon Papacy and the Crusades, 1305-1378, Oxford, 1986.

-----. The Italian Crusades: the Papal-Angevin alliance and the Crusades against Christian Lay Powers, 1254-1343, Oxford, 1982.

-----. The Later Crusades: from Lyon to Alcazar, 1274-1580, Oxford, 1992.

Jeffrey, Peter. (various articles on plainchant in the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, including "The Earliest Christian Chant Repertory Recovered: The Gregorian Witnesses to Jerusalem Chant," in Journal of the American Musicological Society, 47 (1994), pp. 3-38.)

Kedar, Benjamin. Crusade and Mission: European Approaches toward the Muslims, Princeton, NJ, 1984.

Kennedy, Hugh. Crusader Castles, Cambridge, 1994.

Lawrence, T. E. Crusader Castles, ed. R. D. Pringle, Oxford, 1988 (repr.).

Lewis, Bernard. The Muslim Discovery of Europe, London, 1982.

Lloyd, Simon. English Society and the Crusade, 1216-1307, Oxford, 1988.

Lock, Peter. The Franks in the Aegean, 1204-1500, London, 1995.

Lomax, Derek. The Reconquest of Spain, London & New York, 1978.

Marshall, Christopher. Warfare in the Latin East, 1192-1291, Cambridge, 1994.

Metcalf, D. M. Coinage of the Crusades and the Latin East in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, London, 1983.

Mayer, Hans Eberhard, trans. J. Gillingham. The Crusades, Oxford, 1965, 1972.

Müller-Wiener, Wolfgang. Castles of the Crusaders, London, 1976.

Nicolle, David. Arms and Armour of the Crusading Era, 1050-1350, 2 vols., White Plains, NY, 1988.

Pesant, Roberto. [Many small articles on crusader numismatics, generally published in Numismatic Circular ]

Powell, James. Anatomy of a Crusade, 1213-1221, Philadelphia, 1986.

-----, ed. Muslims under Latin Rule, 1100-1300, Princeton, NJ, 1991.

Prawer, Joshua. The Crusaders' Kingdom: European colonialism in the Middle Ages, New York & Washington, 1972.

-----. The History of the Jews in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, Oxford, 1988.

Pringle, Denys et al. The Churches of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: a corpus , projected 3 vols., including: Vol I: A-K (excluding Acre and Jerusalem), Cambridge, 1993.

Pryor, John. Geography, Technology and War: studies in the maritime history of the Mediterranean, 649-1571, Cambridge, 1988.

Queller, Donald. The Fourth Crusade: the conquest of Constantinople 1201-1204, Philadelphia, 1977 (Leicester, 1978). [New edition, with Thomas Madden, due in 1997.]

Richard, Jean, trans. Janet Shirley. The Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, Vols. A & B, Amsterdam et al., 1979 [Vols. 11A and B of Europe in the Middle Ages: Selected Studies, gen. ed. Richard Vaughn)

Riley-Smith, Jonathan, ed. The Atlas of the Crusades, New York & Oxford, 1991.

-----. The Crusades: a short history, New Haven & London, 1987.

-----. "History, the Crusades and the Latin East, 1095-1204: a personal view," in Crusaders and Muslims, ed. Maya Shatzmiller, Leiden, 1993.

-----, ed. The Oxford Illustrated History of the Crusades, Oxford, 1995.

-----. What Were the Crusades?, 2nd ed., London et al., 1992.

Runciman, Sir Stephen. A History of the Crusades, 3 vols., Cambridge,1951-4.

Schein, Sylvia. Fideles Crucis: the papacy, the West, and the recovery of the Holy Land, 1274-1314, Oxford, 1991.

Setton, K. M., ed.-in-chief. A History of the Crusades, 6 vols, Madison, Wis., 1969-89.

-----. The Papacy in the Levant, 1204-1571, 4 vols., Philadelphia, 1976-84.

Shaw, M. R. B., translator. Joinville and Villehardouin: chronicles of the Crusades, Penguin Books, 1963.

Shatzmiller, Maya, ed. Crusaders and Muslims in Twelfth-Century Syria, Leiden, 1993.

Siberry, Elizabeth. Criticism of Crusading, 1095-1274, Oxford,1985.

Smail, R. C. Crusading Warfare, Cambridge, 1956 (repr. in paperback,1994).

Tyerman, Christopher. England and the Crusades, 1095-1588, Chicago & London, 1988.

Urban, William. The Baltic Crusade, Dekalb, 1975, repr. Chicago, 1994.

-----. The Livonian Crusade, Washington, 1981.

-----. The Prussian Crusade, Lanham, 1980.

-----. The Samogitian Crusade, Chicago, 1989.

Copyright (C) 1996, Paul Crawford. This file may be copied on the condition that the entire contents,including the header and this copyright notice, remain intact.

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