H3H03 MEDIEVAL ENGLAND 1066-1399 TUTORIAL TOPICS
11 URBAN GOVERNMENT AND SOCIETY.
a) What kinds of records sources are available for the study of
medieval English towns ?
b) What were the origins of the Medieval English town ? What sort of
factors influenced the location of urban communities in the
c) Which were the principal towns of medieval England ? What
criteria would you apply to determine the importance of a town ?
d) What was the role of Markets and Fairs in the development of the
urban economy ? What other forms of trade were carried on in
e) What relationship did medieval English towns have with the
surrounding countryside ?
f) What relationship did the towns have with the royal government ?
What is meant by burgage tenure ? What benefits did towns expect
to gain from Royal Charters ?
g) How were medieval English towns governed ? What was the
aldermanic system ? To what extent did the medieval towns control
their own fiscal and legal systems ?
h) What factors determined the social structure in medieval English
towns ? What social classes would you expect to find and how
would they be differentiated ? What evidence is there of
standards of living and quality of life amongst the urban
population of medieval England.
i) What role was performed by the Medieval Guilds ? What kind of
relationship did the Guilds have with the Urban government ?
j) What impact did the economic crisis of the mid fourteenth century
have on the English towns ?
Using the relevant volume of ENGLISH HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS find, read
and annotate the following documents:
a) Charter of Henry Ist in favour of London, 1130/1133 EHD II.945-6
b) Customs of Newcastle on Tyne in the time of Henry Ist EHD II.
c) Grants of Fairs C13th Bland, Brown and Tawney, Select Documents
of English Economic History pp 157-161.
d) Guilds EHD II 948 & 970. EHD IV pp 1053, 1058 & 1059.
e) Charter to Manchester 1301. Bagley J.J. & Rowley P.B. Documentary
History of England pp 85-90.