H3H03 MEDIEVAL ENGLAND 1066-1399 TUTORIAL TOPICS
13) THE MONARCHY IN THE LATER MIDDLE AGES
a) What was the nature of the baronial grievances against Richard II
and to what extent were they justified ?
b) How did Richard II's conception of kingship differ from that of
his predecessors ?
c) Why did the legal concept of treason become so important in the
reign of Richard IInd ?
d) Why was Richard deposed by Henry Bolingbroke in 1399 ?
e) What changes did the early Lancastrians make in the organisation
of government ? In what ways did the role of the king's Council
change in this period ? What problems did this create for the
f) Which baronial factions were involved in the struggle for the
crown after the death of Henry Vth ? What policies did they
follow and how successful were they ?
g) Why was the English monarchy weak in the later middle ages ? Was
the weakness a consequence of financial, political or social
problems ? Did other European monarchies experience similar
problems at this time ?
h) What is meant by the term Bastard Feudalism ? Why did it develop
and how did it differ from earlier forms of tenurial feudalism ?
Did Bastard Feudalism constitute a significant threat to the
i) What was the role of Parliament during the Lancastrian period ?
To what extent did the Lancastrians use parliament to endorse
their policies ?
j) What part did the gentry play in the struggle between the
Yorkists and the Lancastrians ? Can they be regarded as a
genuinely independent third force in fifteenth century politics ?
Using the sources recommended find, read and annotate the following
a) Impeachments in the Good Parliament, 1376.
b) The arbitrary rule of Richard II
c) The revocation of Henry of Lancaster's rights of inheritance,
d) The Acts of Henry IV's first parliament, 1399
e) The reluctance of the Lords to attend Parliament, 1454.
f) The first battle of St Albans, 1455
g) An indenture between Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick and Sir
John Trafford, 1461.