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Geoffrey Brito


Galfridus Britonus

Geoffrey Brito (fl. 1210–50) was the nephew of Alexander Neckam, and an Augustinian canon at Cirencester Abbey. Alexander sent him as a boy to the school at Dunstable under Master Ralph, commemorated in his poem ‘Quem tibi transmitto doctor Radulfe nepotem’ (‘Accept, teacher Ralph, the nephew I send to you; teach him with diligent care.’). After Alexander’s death in 1217, Geoffrey was the recipient of two benefices in his memory. The manuscript now surviving in the Cambridge University Library, Gg.6.42, with the incipit ‘Sol meldunensis’, is a miscellany of Alexander’s works presented to Geoffrey, abbot of Malmesbury from 1246 to 1260. It is key to establishing the canon of Alexander Neckam, and a fascinating example of collaboration between two abbeys.


  1. Sol Meldunensis

    Contents:Contents listed in Hochgürtel (2008, xxii–xxiv).
    1. Cambridge, University Library, Gg.6.42 (1246–60, Cirencester)
    Modern editions
    Modern translations
    • Binski, Paul, and P.N.R. Zutshi. 2011. Western Illuminated Manuscripts: A Catalogue of the Collection in Cambridge University Library. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Bisanti, Armando. 2002. ‘Il Novus Avianus di Alessandro Neckam nel quadro delle riscritture mediolatine di Aviano’. Maia 54 (2): 295–350.
    • Bisanti, Armando. 2010. ‘Il «Novus Avianus» di Alessandro Neckam’. In Le favole di Aviano e la loro fortuna nel Medioevo, 103–52. Millennio Medievale 85, Strumenti e studi 25. Florence: SISMEL.
    • Braunholtz, E. 1927. ‘Die Streitgedichte Peters von Blois und Roberts von Beaufeu über den Wert des Weines und des Bieres’. Zeitschrift für romanische Philologie 47: 30–38.
    • Cropp, Laurel Susan. 1991. ‘A Critical Edition of Alexander Neckam’s Corrogationes noui Promethei with Introduction, Textual Notes, and Commentary’. PhD diss., University of Toronto.
    • DiTommaso, Lorenzo. 2008. ‘Pseudepigrapha Notes II: 3. The Contribution of the Manuscript Catalogues of M.R. James’. Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha 18 (2): 83–160.
    • Dunning, Andrew N.J. 2016. ‘Alexander Neckam’s Manuscripts and the Augustinian Canons of Oxford and Cirencester’. PhD diss., University of Toronto.
    • Esposito, M. 1915. ‘On Some Unpublished Poems Attributed to Alexander Neckam’. The English Historical Review 30 (119): 450–71.
    • Ferruolo, Stephen C. 1985. The Origins of the University: The Schools of Paris and Their Critics, 1100–1215. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
    • Froehner, Guillaume, ed. 1862. ‘Magistri Alexandri Nequam canonici Cire[n]cestriensis Nouus Auianus’. In Aviani Fabulae XXXXII ad Theodosium, 55–63. Bibliotheca Teubneriana. Leipzig: Teubner.
    • Hochgürtel, Peter, ed. 2008. Alexandri Neckam Suppletio defectuum. Carmina minora. Corpus Christianorum, continuatio mediaevalis 221. Turnhout: Brepols.
    • Hunt, R. W. 1984. The Schools and the Cloister: The Life and Writings of Alexander Nequam (1157–1217). Edited by Margaret T. Gibson. Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 147.
    • Hunt, Tony. 1991. Teaching and Learning Latin in Thirteenth-Century England. 3 vols. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Brewer.
    • Klein, Thomas A.-P. 1998. ‘Alexander Neckam. Nouus Auianus’. Favolisti latini medievali e umanistici 7: 99–136.
    • McDonough, Christopher J. 2004. ‘The Laus Beatissime Virginis and the Canon of Alexander Neckam’. Mediaeval Studies 66: 99–128.
    • McDonough, Christopher J. 2005. ‘Cambridge, University Library, Gg. 6.42, Alexander Neckam and the Sacerdos ad altare’. Studi medievali, 3rd ser., 46 (2): 783–809.
    • Öberg, Jan, ed. 1965. Serlon de Wilton. Poèmes latins. Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, Studia Latina Stockholmiensia 14. Stockholm: Almqvist och Wiksell.
    • Reeve, Michael D., ed. 2007. Geoffrey of Monmouth. The History of the Kings of Britain: An Edition and Translation of De gestis Britonum (Historia regum Britanniae). Translated by Neil Wright. Arthurian Studies 69. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell Press.
    • Rigg, A. G. 1977. ‘Golias and Other Pseudonyms’. Studi Medievali, 3rd ser., 18 (1): 65–109.
    • Russell, Josiah C. 1932. ‘Alexander Neckam in England’. The English Historical Review 47 (186): 260–68.
    • Wollin, Carsten, ed. 1998. Petrus Blesensis Carmina. Corpus Christianorum, continuatio mediaevalis 128. Turnhout: Brepols.
Rédaction: Andrew Dunning
Dernière mise à jour: 25 février 2017