Creative Commons License
Cette notice est mise à disposition en vertu d'un contrat Creative Commons.
logo arlima

Alexander Neckam

Alexander Nequam | Alexander of St Albans

Biography

Born in 1157 — Died in 1217

Alexander Neckam (also spelled Nequam, Necham, Neckham, Nekam, Nekham, Nekkam, Necquam; sometimes Latinized as Neckamus or Nechamus) was born at St Albans on 8 September 1157, the same night as the birth of Richard I. His mother, Hodierna, became the king’s wet nurse and received a state pension. He was educated at St Albans and Paris, where he made a pact with a friend to join a religious order, which the other did not keep. He became the master of the school at Dunstable c.1182. The following year, he applied to become master of the school at St Albans Abbey. The reply he received from the abbot was immortalized in Matthew Paris’s Gesta abbatum, and earned him the nickname ‘Nequam’:

After he had led the school at Dunstable for the year previous, Abbot Warin called him briefly and jestingly in this letter, for that same Alexander Nequam had asked him insistently for the school at St Albans: ‘If you are good, you may come; if you are bad (nequam), by no means.’ Replying to him, Alexander said just as briefly and jestingly, ‘If you wish it, I will come; if not, that is all’ – as if he had said, ‘I don’t much care.’

Hic cum temporis anno scilicet proximo transacto apud dunestaple scolam rexisset.╯ uocauit eum abbas G. hiis litteris breuiter et iocose scriptis. petiuerat enim idem Alexander nequam scolam sancti albani instanter. Si bonus es uenias. si nequam.╯ nequaquam. Cui tam breuiter et iocose rescribens A. ait. Si uelis ueniam. sin autem.╯ tu autem. Ac si diceret. Non multum curo. (London, British Library, Cotton Nero D. i, f. 50rb)

This story is told in several variant forms by early-modern antiquaries. At St Albans, he probably wrote De utensilibus (On Useful Things), a textbook for learning Latin known in 53 surviving or documented manuscripts, as well as Nouus Esopus and Nouus Auianus, versifications of Aesop and Avian for learning poetic composition.

Alexander moved to Oxford around 1190, where he writes that he was ‘reading publicly in theology’. It may have been here that he joined the Augustinian canons, at St Frideswide’s Priory. Peter of Blois congratulated him on having taken up orders in an undated letter (no. 137), referring to his having given up the ‘honour of a master’, which most logically points to leaving his desirable post at St Albans. A sermon by Alexander survives exhorting the people of Oxford to rebuild St Frideswide’s, which was seriously damaged by a fire in 1190. His Glosses on the Psalter (Glose super psalterium), represent a redaction of his lectures, written after 1193; his commentaries on Martianus Capella and the Athanasian Creed also likely date from his period. The best known episode from this period is his eventual acceptance of the Immaculate Conception. As he tells in his commentary on the Song of Songs, he had refused to recognize this feast, until he was forced to cancel his lectures every year on this day after repeatedly falling ill at his students’ prayers.

From Oxford, Alexander moved to St Mary’s Abbey in Cirencester, where he is first documented between 1200 and 1205. This was the most productive period of his writing, producing the Teachings of Prometheus (Corrogationes Promethei), a combined epitome of grammar and collection of difficult biblical phrases that proved highly popular, known in 82 medieval copies. His most ambitious project was a series of biblical meditations, developing out of his preaching style, beginning with the short Solace of the Faithful Soul (Solatium fidelis anime), on Creation, and adapting the format to the Wisdom books, producing the massive Exposition on the Song of Songs in Praise of the Glorious and Perpetual Virgin Mary (Expositio super cantica canticorum in laudem gloriose ac perpetue uirginis Marie), of which 22 copies are known; On the Natures of Things and on Ecclesiastes (De naturis rerum et super Ecclesiasten), 43 copies; and a Tractate on the Proverbs of Solomon (Tractatus super parabolas Salomonis), left unfinished at his death. Along similar lines, he also wrote meditations on Mary Magdalene; and on the last chapter of Proverbs, Tractate on the Strong Woman (Tractatus super Mulierem fortem), interpreting it as referring to Mary Magdalene, the Virgin Mary, and the Church.

Alexander was a true polymath: his writings range from devotion, to everyday observations of nature, to casual scientific experiment, famously including the first mention of the pivoted magnetic compass needle in Western literature. He wrote poetry throughout his life, most ambitiously the Praise of Divine Wisdom (Laus sapientie diuine), a consideration of creation, with a later supplement (Suppletio defectuum). He joined in on an exchange between Peter of Blois and Robert of Beaufeu on the merits of wine and beer in On the Commendation of Wine (De commendatione uini). At the same time, he held powerful positions as an administrator, becoming abbot of Cirencester in 1215. That year, he may have been involved in the proceedings surrounding Magna Carta; he travelled to Rome to attend the Fourth Lateran Council; and his mother died. These events left him exhausted, and he left a number of unfinished writings, probably assembled in their surviving form by his clerk Walter of Mileto. He died while visiting the bishop of Worcester at Kempsey on 31 March 1217, and is thought to be buried at Worcester Cathedral under a time-worn effigy.


The following catalogue presents Alexander’s works in the order of the approximate date of their completion. This is an update of Hunt (1984, 125–49), itself built on earlier lists (Rouse and Rouse 2004, K4; Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42; Leland 1709, 239–44; Carley 2010, chap. 218; Bale 1902, 23–27; Bale 1557–1559, 1:272–273; Tanner 1748, 538–42; Esposito 1915). Bibliographies published since have been taken into account (Glorieux 1971, no. 21; Sharpe 1997, s.v. ‘Alexander Nequam OSA’). It has been possible to find only a handful of manuscripts of which Hunt was not aware, and it has not been necessary to update his listing of them significantly, though corrections have been made based on updated catalogues and examination of manuscripts where possible. Following Hunt’s practice, a solidus is used to indicate a fragment in quoting incipits and explicits. The records of manuscripts have been entirely reworked, based on the Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues.

Spurious Attributions

The following is an update of the list Hunt made for his thesis (Hunt 1936, 176–84 in his annotated copy, Oxford, Bodleian Library, Hunt 102; based on Esposito 1915, 464–69), most of which was omitted from the published version.

  1. Concordantiae bibliorum
  2. Correctiones biblie
  3. Cur filius incarnatur
  4. De desponsatione beatae Mariae
  5. De natiuitate beatae Mariae
  6. De fide spe et caritate
  7. De humilitatis gradibus
  8. De praeceptis decalogi
  9. De professione monachorum
  10. De puritate Marie
  11. De rebus creatis in specie
  12. De uirtutibus
  13. De uita Cristi
  14. De uita monachorum (De uita monastica)
  15. Dictionarius metricus (Duodecim decades)
  16. Distinctiones uerborum
  17. Exhortatio ad religiosos
  18. Exorcismus siue Baptisterium (Super exorcismo baptismi)
  19. Expositio de anima
  20. Festiuale
  21. Historia britonum versificata
  22. Hymnarium glosatum
  23. In metamorphosin Ouidii
  24. Lectiones scripturarum
  25. Magnum doctrinale
  26. Moralia super Euangelia (Moralia euangeliorum)
  27. Mythographus tertius
  28. Regule theologice
  29. Repertorium uocabulorum
  30. Sermons
  31. Super Aue maris stella
  32. Super Ezechielem
  33. Super utrumque testamentum

Bibliography

Bibliographies
General literature
  • Abramov, Dmitri. 2003. ‘“Liber de naturis rerum” von Pseudo-John Folsham – eine moralisierende lateinische Enzyklopädie aus dem 13. Jahrhundert’. PhD diss., Universität Hamburg. https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:gbv:18-50303.
  • Adams, Frank Dawson. 1938. ‘Medieval Mineralogy’. In The Birth and Development of the Geological Sciences, 137–69. Baltimore: William and Wilkins. https://archive.org/details/birthanddevelopm031745mbp.
  • Alessio, Franco. 1994. ‘Sentenze e compendi’. In Storia della filosofia, edited by Pietro Rossi and Carlo Augusto Viano, 2:130–40. Rome: Laterza.
  • Amt, Emilie, ed. 2010. Women’s Lives in Medieval Europe: A Sourcebook. 2nd ed. London: Routledge.
  • Anstey, Henry, ed. 1898. Epistolae academicae Oxon. (Registrum F). 2 vols. Oxford Historical Society 35–36. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Bale, John. 1557–1559. Scriptorum illustrium Maioris Brytanniae catalogus. 2 vols. Basel.
  • Bale, John. 1902. Index Britanniae scriptorum. Edited by Reginald Lane Poole and Mary Bateson. Oxford: Clarendon Press. https://archive.org/details/mmanecdotaoxonie09oxfouoft.
  • Barker-Benfield, B.C., ed. 2008. St Augustine’s Abbey, Canterbury. 3 vols. Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues 13. London: British Library.
  • Bartlett, Robert. 1982. Gerald of Wales, 1146–1223. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Bastin, Julia. 1929. Recueil général des Isopets. Vol. 1. 4 vols. Paris: Champion.
  • Bell, David N., ed. 1992. The Libraries of the Cistercians, Gilbertines, and Premonstratensians. Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues 3. London: British Library.
  • Berlioz, Jacques, and Marie-Anne Polo de Beaulieu. 1994. ‘Les recueils d’exempla et la diffusion de l’encyclopédisme médiéval’. In L’enciclopedismo medievale, edited by Michelangelo Picone, 179–212. Memoria del tempo 1. Ravenna: Longo.
  • Berry, Gregory Leo. 1978. ‘A Partial Edition of Alexander Neckam’s Laus sapientie diuine’. PhD diss., Yale University. http://search.proquest.com/docview/288226501.
  • Bestul, Thomas H. 1999. ‘The Meditation on Mary Magdalene of Alexander Nequam’. The Journal of Medieval Latin 9: 1–40. https://doi.org/10.1484/J.JML.2.304112.
  • Binski, Paul, and P.N.R. Zutshi. 2011. Western Illuminated Manuscripts: A Catalogue of the Collection in Cambridge University Library. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Bisanti, Armando. 2002. ‘Il Novus Avianus di Alessandro Neckam nel quadro delle riscritture mediolatine di Aviano’. Maia 54 (2): 295–350.
  • Bisanti, Armando. 2005. ‘Il fior del giglio nella tradizione poetica latina e medievale (note ad Alessandro Neckam, Suppl. defect. 1, 331–346)’. Mittellateinisches Jahrbuch 40 (1): 85–96.
  • Bisanti, Armando. 2010. ‘Il «Novus Avianus» di Alessandro Neckam’. In Le favole di Aviano e la loro fortuna nel Medioevo, 103–52. Millennio Medievale 85, Strumenti e studi 25. Florence: SISMEL.
  • Boatti, Anna. 1998. ‘La simbologia della favola «De musca et calvo» del «Novus Avianus» di Alessandro Neckam’. Favolisti latini medievali e umanistici 7: 39–51.
  • Boivin, Jeanne-Marie. 2006. Naissance de la fable en français: L’Isopet de Lyon et l’Isopet I-Avionnet. Essais sur le Moyen Âge 33. Paris: Champion.
  • Boivin, Jeanne-Marie. 2011. ‘Fables et brevitas au Moyen Âge’. In Faire court: l’ésthétique de la brièveté dans la littérature du Moyen Âge, edited by Catherine Croizy-Naquet, Laurence Harf-Lancner, and Michelle Szkilnik, 65–90. Paris: Presses Sorbonne nouvelle.
  • Boivin, Jeanne-Marie, ed. 1996. Fables françaises du Moyen Âge: Les isopets. Garnier Flammarion 831. Paris: Flammarion.
  • Botfield, Beriah, ed. 1838. Catalogi veteres librorum Ecclesiae cathedralis dunelm. London: Nichols. https://archive.org/details/catalogiveteresl00durh.
  • Braunholtz, E. 1927. ‘Die Streitgedichte Peters von Blois und Roberts von Beaufeu über den Wert des Weines und des Bieres’. Zeitschrift für romanische Philologie 47: 30–38. https://doi.org/10.1515/zrph.1927.47.1.30.
  • Brown, Carleton. 1920. ‘Mulier est hominis confusio’. Modern Language Notes 35 (8): 479–82. https://doi.org/10.2307/2914946.
  • Brown, Katherine A. 2013. ‘The Vernacular Universe: Gossuin de Metz’s Image du Monde, Translatio Studii, and Vernacular Narrative’. Viator 44 (2): 137–58. https://doi.org/10.1484/J.VIATOR.1.103343.
  • Browne, R.A. 1954. British Latin Selections, A.D. 500–1400. Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Burn, Andrew Eubank. 1896. The Athanasian Creed and Its Early Commentaries. Texts and Studies: Contributions to Biblical and Patristic Literature, 4.1. Cambridge: University Press. https://archive.org/details/athanasiancreedi00burn.
  • Burnett, Charles S.F. 1981. ‘A Note on the Origins of the Third Vatican Mythographer’. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 44: 160–66. https://doi.org/10.2307/751058.
  • Carley, James P. 2010. John Leland. De uiris illustribus/On Famous Men. British Writers of the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Period 1. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies.
  • Carley, James P., and John F. R. Coughlan. 1981. ‘An Edition of the List of Ninety-Nine Books Acquired at Glastonbury Abbey During the Abbacy of Walter de Monington’. Mediaeval Studies 43: 498–514. https://doi.org/10.1484/J.MS.2.306281.
  • Carley, James P., ed. 2000. The Libraries of King Henry VIII. Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues 7. London: British Library.
  • Chance, Jane. 1994–2000. Medieval Mythography. 2 vols. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.
  • Clarke, Peter D., ed. 2002. The University and College Libraries of Cambridge. Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues 10. London: British Library.
  • Colker, Marvin L., ed. 2007. Petronius rediuiuus et Helias Tripolanensis: id est Petronius rediuiuus quod Heliae Tripolanensis videtur necnon fragmenta (alia) Heliae Tripolanensis. Mittellateinische Studien und Texte 35. Leiden: Brill. https://doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004157071.i-220.
  • Copeland, Rita. 2010. ‘Naming, Knowing, and the Object of Language in Alexander Neckam’s Grammar Curriculum’. The Journal of Medieval Latin 20: 38–57. https://doi.org/10.1484/J.JML.1.102099.
  • Copeland, Rita. 2011. ‘Producing the Lector’. SPELL 25: 231–49. https://doi.org/10.5169/seals-389639.
  • Copeland, Rita, and Ineke Sluiter, eds. 2009. Medieval Grammar and Rhetoric: Language Arts and Literary Theory, AD 300–1475. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Covington, Frank F. 1925. ‘Spenser and Alexander Neckam’. Studies in Philology 22 (2): 222–25. https://jstor.org/stable/4171912.
  • Crick, Julia C. 1991. Dissemination and Reception in the Later Middle Ages. The Historia regum Britannie of Geoffrey of Monmouth 4. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Brewer.
  • Cropp, Laurel Susan. 1991. ‘A Critical Edition of Alexander Neckam’s Corrogationes noui Promethei with Introduction, Textual Notes, and Commentary’. PhD diss., University of Toronto. http://search.proquest.com/docview/303956980.
  • Dahan, Gilbert. 1990. ‘En marge du Proslogion de Saint Anselme: l’exégèse patristique et médiévale du Psaume’. Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen Âge 13: 11–29.
  • Damon, Phillip W. 1957. ‘A Note on the Neckham Canon’. Speculum 32 (1): 99–102. https://doi.org/10.2307/2849250.
  • Davenport, Anne A. 1997. ‘The Catholics, the Cathars, and the Concept of Infinity in the Thirteenth Century’. Isis 88 (2): 263–95. https://jstor.org/stable/236574.
  • Dicke, Gerd. 1987. Die Fabeln des Mittelalters und der frühen Neuzeit: Ein Katalog der deutschen Versionen und ihrer lateinischen Entsprechungen. München: Fink. https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:bvb:12-bsb00050026-2.
  • Dinkova-Bruun, Greti. 2013. ‘Medieval Miscellanies and the Case of Manuscript British Library, Cotton Titus D.XX’. In Medieval Manuscript Miscellanies: Composition, Authorship, Use, edited by Lucie Doležalová and Kimberly A. Rivers, 14–33. Medium Aevum Quotidianum, Sonderband 31. Krems, Austria: Medium Aevum Quotidianum.
  • DiTommaso, Lorenzo. 2008. ‘Pseudepigrapha Notes II: 3. The Contribution of the Manuscript Catalogues of M.R. James’. Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha 18 (2): 83–160. https://doi.org/10.1177/0951820708098808.
  • Dobson, E.J., ed. 1975. Moralities on the Gospels: A New Source of Ancrene Wisse. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • du Méril, Édélestand, ed. 1854. Poésies inédites du Moyen Âge précédées d’une histoire de la fable ésopique. Paris: Franck. https://archive.org/details/PoesiesIneditesDuMoyenAge.
  • Dunning, Andrew N.J. 2016. ‘Alexander Neckam’s Manuscripts and the Augustinian Canons of Oxford and Cirencester’. PhD diss., University of Toronto. https://hdl.handle.net/1807/72968.
  • Ellis, Robinson. 1886. ‘Notes of a Fortnight’s Research in the Bibliothèque Nationale of Paris’. The Journal of Philology 15 (29): 241–56. http://search.proquest.com/docview/1293744419.
  • Ellis, Robinson. 1889. ‘A Contribution to the History of the Transmission of Classical Literature in the Middle Age, from Oxford MSS’. The American Journal of Philology 10 (2): 159–64. https://doi.org/10.2307/287151.
  • Emden, A.B. 1957–1959. A Biographical Register of the University of Oxford to AD 1500. 3 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Engelbrecht, Wilken. 2008. ‘Fulco, Arnulf, and William: Twelfth-Century Views on Ovid in Orléans’. The Journal of Medieval Latin 18: 52–73. https://doi.org/10.1484/J.JML.3.4.
  • Esposito, M. 1915. ‘On Some Unpublished Poems Attributed to Alexander Neckam’. The English Historical Review 30 (119): 450–71. https://doi.org/10.1093/ehr/XXX.CXIX.450.
  • F. 1896. ‘A Mediaeval Writer on Chess’. The Athenaeum, no. 3585 (July): 65. http://search.proquest.com/docview/9041047.
  • Ferruolo, Stephen C. 1985. The Origins of the University: The Schools of Paris and Their Critics, 1100–1215. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
  • Friend, Albert C. 1970. ‘The Tale of the Captive Bird and the Traveler: Nequam, Berechiah, and Chaucer’s “Squire’s Tale”’. Medievalia et Humanistica, n.s., 1: 57–65.
  • Friis-Jensen, Karsten, and James M.W. Willoughby, eds. 2001. Peterborough Abbey. Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues 8. London: British Library.
  • Froehner, Guillaume, ed. 1862. ‘Magistri Alexandri Nequam canonici Cire[n]cestriensis Nouus Auianus’. In Aviani Fabulae XXXXII ad Theodosium, 55–63. Bibliotheca Teubneriana. Leipzig: Teubner. http://hdl.handle.net/2027/wu.89097934970.
  • Fulton, Rachel. 1996. ‘Mimetic Devotion, Marian Exegesis and the Historical Sense of the Song of Songs’. Viator 27: 85–116. https://doi.org/10.1484/J.VIATOR.2.301123.
  • Fulton, Rachel. 1998. ‘“Quae est ista quae ascendit sicut aurora consurgens?”: The Song of Songs as the Historia for the Office of the Assumption’. Mediaeval Studies 60: 55–122. https://doi.org/10.1484/J.MS.2.306450.
  • Fumagalli, Mariateresa, and Massimo Parodi. 1985. ‘Due enciclopedie dell’Occidente medievale: Alessandro Neckham e Bartolomeo Anglico’. Rivista di storia della filosofia 40: 51–90.
  • Gamboa Jiménez, José Luis. 1986. ‘Estudio métrico de la Distinctio Prima del De laudibus divinae sapientiae de Alexander Neckam’. Analecta malacitana 9 (2): 249–64. http://search.proquest.com/docview/1305434220.
  • Garbugino, Giovanni, ed. 1987. ‘Alexander Neckam. Novus Aesopus’. Favolisti latini medievali 2: 13–147.
  • Gaselee, Stephen. 1935–1937. ‘Natural Science in England at the End of the Twelfth Century’. Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain 29: 397–417.
  • Gasparri, Françoise. 2007. ‘Sur la terminologie médiévale des écritures’. Archivum Latinitatis Medii Aevi 65: 261–77. http://hdl.handle.net/2042/51783.
  • Gärtner, Thomas. 2009a. Review of Alexandri Neckam Suppletio defectuum, carmina minora, by Peter Hochgürtel. Editionen in der Kritik 3: 184–201.
  • Gärtner, Thomas. 2009b. ‘Fit magis et damnis tristior urna suis (Max. 1, 170): Zum Fortwirken einer epikureischen Metapher in der Spätantike und im Mittelalter’. Elenchos: Rivista di studi sul pensiero antico 30 (1): 131–44. https://doi.org/10.1400/132467.
  • Gärtner, Thomas. 2011. ‘Zum Auftakt der Corrogationes novi Promethei (Walther incip. 9291)’. Studi Medievali, 3rd ser., 52 (2): 865–66.
  • Gillespie, Vincent, and A.I. Doyle, eds. 2001. Syon Abbey; The Libraries of the Carthusians. Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues 9. London: British Library.
  • Giovini, Marco. 1998. ‘«Chiedo scusa alla favola antica»: De formica et cicada da Aviano ad Alessandro Neckam (e Gianni Rodari)’. Favolisti latini medievali e umanistici 7: 81–98.
  • Glorieux, Palémon. 1971. La faculté des arts et ses maîtres au XIIIe siècle. Etudes de philosophie médiévale 59. Paris: Vrin.
  • Glunz, Hans. 1933. History of the Vulgate in England from Alcuin to Roger Bacon: Being an Inquiry into the Text of Some English Manuscripts of the Vulgate Gospels. Cambridge: University Press.
  • Goering, Joseph W. 1992. William de Montibus (c. 1140–1213): The Schools and the Literature of Pastoral Care. Studies and Texts 108. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies.
  • Guéry, Charles. 1917. Histoire de l’abbaye de Lyre. Evreux: Imprimerie de l’Eure. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k5038192.
  • Guglielmetti, Rossana. 2006. La tradizione manoscritta dei commenti latini al Cantico dei cantici (origini–XII secolo): repertorio dei codici contenenti testi inediti o editi solo nella «Patrologia latina». Millennio Medievale 63, Strumenti e studi, n.s., 14. Florence: SISMEL.
  • Gullick, Michael. 1996. ‘From Scribe to Binder: Quire Tackets in Twelfth-Century English Manuscripts’. In Roger Powell, the Compleat Binder: Liber Amicorum, edited by John L. Sharpe, 240–59. Bibliologia 14. Turnhout: Brepols.
  • Gumbert, J.P. 2011. ‘The Tacketed Quire: An Exercise in Comparative Codicology’. Scriptorium 65: 299–320.
  • Hampe, Karl. 1898. ‘Reise nach Frankreich und Belgien im Frühjahr 1897’. Neues Archiv der Gesellschaft für ältere deutsche Geschichtskunde 23: 375–417, 601–65.
  • Hardwick, Charles, and Henry Richards Luard. 1856–1867. A Catalogue of the Manuscripts Preserved in the Library of the University of Cambridge. 6 vols. Cambridge: University Press.
  • Haskins, Charles Homer. 1909. ‘A List of Text-Books from the Close of the Twelfth Century’. Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 20: 75–94. https://doi.org/10.2307/310349.
  • Haskins, Charles Homer. 1927. ‘A List of Text-Books from the Close of the Twelfth Century’. In Studies in the History of Mediaeval Science, 2nd ed., 356–76. Harvard Historical Studies 27. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Haye, Thomas. 1997. Das lateinische Lehrgedicht im Mittelalter: Analyse einer Gattung. Mittellateinische Studien und Texte 22. Leiden: Brill.
  • Häring, Nikolaus M. 1972. ‘Commentaries on the Pseudo-Athanasian Creed’. Mediaeval Studies 34: 208–52. https://doi.org/10.1484/J.MS.2.306112.
  • Hervieux, Léopold. 1883–1899. Les fabulistes latins depuis le siècle d’Auguste jusqu’à la fin du moyen âge. 5 vols. Paris: Firmin-Didot.
  • Hochgürtel, Peter, ed. 2008. Alexandri Neckam Suppletio defectuum. Carmina minora. Corpus Christianorum, continuatio mediaevalis 221. Turnhout: Brepols.
  • Hodapp, William F. 2003. ‘The Fables of Avianus’. In Medieval Literature for Children, edited by Daniel T. Kline, 12–28. New York: Routledge.
  • Holdsworth, Christopher J. 1996. ‘Two Commentators on the “Song of Songs”: John of Forde and Alexander Nequam’. In A Gathering of Friends: The Learning and Spirituality of John of Forde, edited by Hilary Costello and Christopher J. Holdsworth, 153–87. Cistercian Studies Series 161. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications.
  • Holmes, Urban Tigner, Jr. 1952. Daily Living in the Twelfth Century: Based on the Observations of Alexander Neckam in London and Paris. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
  • Hudry, Françoise. 2011. ‘Le Livre des vingt-quatre philosophes et les méfaits de la sphère’. In Adorare caelestia, gubernare terrena. Atti del Colloquio Internazionale in onore di Paolo Lucentini (Napoli, 6–7 Novembre 2007), edited by Pasquale Arfé, Irene Caiazzo, and Antonella Sannino, 21–42. Instrumenta Patristica et Mediaevalia 58. Turnhout: Brepols. https://doi.org/10.1484/M.IPM.1.100834.
  • Humphreys, K. W., ed. 1990. The Friars’ Libraries. Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues 1. London: British Library.
  • Hunt, R. W. 1936. ‘Alexander Neckam’. DPhil thesis, University of Oxford.
  • Hunt, R. W. 1984. The Schools and the Cloister: The Life and Writings of Alexander Nequam (1157–1217). Edited by Margaret T. Gibson. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Hunt, Tony. 1979a. ‘Les Gloses en langue vulgaire dans les manuscrits du De nominibus utensilium d’Alexandre Nequam’. Revue de Linguistique Romane 43: 235–62.
  • Hunt, Tony. 1979b. ‘The Vernacular Entries in the Glossae in Sidonium (MS Oxford, Digby 172)’. Zeitschrift für französische Sprache und Literatur 89 (2): 130–50. https://jstor.org/stable/40616789.
  • Hunt, Tony. 1991. Teaching and Learning Latin in Thirteenth-Century England. 3 vols. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Brewer.
  • Jacob, E.F. 1938–1947. The Register of Henry Chichele, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1414–1443. 4 vols. Canterbury and York Society 45, 42, 46, 47. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • James, M.R. 1903. The Ancient Libraries of Canterbury and Dover. Cambridge: University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511920097.
  • Jammy, Pierre, ed. 1651. Beati Alberti Magni … Opera quae hactenus haberi potuerunt. Lyon: Prost.
  • Janson, H.W. 1952. Apes and Ape Lore in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Studies of the Warburg Institute 20. London: Warburg Institute.
  • Jeauneau, Édouard. 1964. ‘Note sur l’école de Chartres’. Studi Medievali, 3rd ser., 5: 821–65.
  • Kantorowicz, Hermann. 1937. ‘A medieval grammarian on the sources of the law’. Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis 15 (1): 25–47. https://doi.org/10.1163/157181937X00026.
  • Kelly, Henry Ansgar. 1972. ‘The Metamorphoses of the Eden Serpent During the Middle Ages and Renaissance’. Viator 2: 301–28. https://doi.org/10.1484/J.VIATOR.2.301695.
  • Ker, Neil R. (1954) 2004. Fragments of Medieval Manuscripts Used as Pastedowns in Oxford Bindings: With a Survey of Oxford Binding c. 1515–1620. 2nd ed. Oxford Bibliographical Society Publications, 3rd ser., 4. Oxford: Oxford Bibliographical Society.
  • Klein, Thomas A.-P. 1995. ‘Überlieferungsprobleme in den Kleindichtungen Alexander Neckams am Beispiel des Nouus Aesopus’. Filologia Mediolatina 2: 233–42.
  • Klein, Thomas A.-P. 1998. ‘Alexander Neckam. Nouus Auianus’. Favolisti latini medievali e umanistici 7: 99–136.
  • Klein, Thomas A.-P. 2000. ‘Der Nouus Esopus des Alexander Neckam in der Tradition der spätantiken Phaedrus-Paraphrase Romulus’. Maia 52 (1): 127–51.
  • Kuijper, Dirk. 1966. ‘De nonnullis versibus Nequam Poetae attributis’. Mittellateinisches Jahrbuch 3: 247–49.
  • Lacombe, George, and Beryl Smalley. 1930. ‘Incipits of Langton’s Works’. Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen Âge 5: 183–212. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k18004g/f185.image.
  • Larson, Laurence M. 1913. ‘Scientific Knowledge in the North in the Thirteenth Century’. Publications of the Society for the Advancement of Scandinavian Study 1 (4): 139–46. https://jstor.org/stable/40914909.
  • Leach, Arthur F. 1896. ‘Wykeham’s Books at New College’. In Collectanea, Third Series, edited by Montagu Burrows, 211–44. Oxford Historical Society 32. Oxford: Clarendon Press. https://archive.org/details/collectaneathird00burrrich.
  • Leland, John. 1709. Commentarii de Scriptoribus Britannicis. Edited by Anthony Hall. 2 vols. Oxford: Sheldonian Theatre.
  • Leland, John. (1715) 1774. De rebus britannicis collectanea. Edited by Thomas Hearne. 2nd ed. London: White.
  • Lendinara, Patrizia. 1993. ‘The Oratio de utensilibus ad domum regendam pertinentibus by Adam of Balsham’. Anglo-Norman Studies 15: 161–76.
  • Lippmann, Edmund O. von. 1934. ‘Die vier Elemente bei Alexander Neckam (12. Jahrhundert)’. Chemiker-Zeitung 58: 710–12.
  • Loewe, Raphael. 1966. ‘Hebrew Books and “Judaica” in Mediaeval Oxford and Cambridge’. In Remember the Days: Essays on Anglo-Jewish History Presented to Cecil Roth by Members of the Council of the Jewish Historical Society of England, edited by John M. Shaftesley, 23–48. London: Jewish Historical Society of England.
  • Mahoney, Denis Gerard. 1971. ‘A Critical Edition of Alexander Nequam’s Tractatus super mulierem fortem, Section One’. PhD diss., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. http://search.proquest.com/docview/302621665.
  • Manas Núñez, Manuel. 2005. ‘La fábula XIV de Alejandro Neckam (De lepore et accipitre et passere): tradition y originalidad’. In Poesía latina medieval (siglos V–XV): Actas del IV Congreso del «Internationales Mittellateinerkomitee», Santiago de Compostela, 12–15 de septiembre de 2002, edited by Manuel C. Díaz y Díaz and José Manuel Díaz de Bustamante, 263–74. Millennio Medievale 55, Atti di Convegni 17. Florence: SISMEL.
  • Marrone, Steven. 2004. ‘William of Auvergne and Aristotle on Knowing’. In Erkenntnis und Wissenschaft: Probleme der Epistemologie in der Philosophie des Mittelalters, edited by Matthias Lutz-Bachmann, Alexander Fidora, and Pia Antolic, 143–59. Wissenskultur und gesellschaftlicher Wandel 10. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.
  • McDonough, Christopher J. 2001. ‘Alexander Neckam: Creation and Paradise in Book 2 of the Suppletio Defectuum’. In Anglo-Latin and Its Heritage: Essays in Honour of A.G. Rigg on His 64th Birthday, edited by Siân Echard and Gernot R. Wieland, 129–48. Publications of the Journal of Medieval Latin 4. Turnhout: Brepols.
  • McDonough, Christopher J. 2004. ‘The Laus Beatissime Virginis and the Canon of Alexander Neckam’. Mediaeval Studies 66: 99–128. https://doi.org/10.1484/J.MS.2.306508.
  • McDonough, Christopher J. 2005. ‘Cambridge, University Library, Gg. 6.42, Alexander Neckam and the Sacerdos ad altare’. Studi medievali, 3rd ser., 46 (2): 783–809.
  • McDonough, Christopher J. 2008. ‘Alexander Neckam and the Commentary on the Ecloga Theoduli: A Question of Attribution’. Filologia Mediolatina 15: 249–67.
  • McDonough, Christopher J., ed. 1999. Alexander Neckam. Suppletio defectuum, Book I. Per verba 12. Florence: SISMEL.
  • McDonough, Christopher J., ed. 2006. Alexander Neckam. Commentum super Martianum. Millennio Medievale 64, Testi 15. Florence: SISMEL.
  • McDonough, Christopher J., ed. 2010. Alexandri Neckam Sacerdos ad altare. Corpus Christianorum, continuatio mediaevalis 227. Turnhout: Brepols.
  • Meyer, Paul. 1868. Review of Trois traités de lexicographie latine, by Augustus Scheler. Revue critique d’histoire et de littérature 2 (45): 295–99.
  • Meyer, Paul. 1896. ‘Notice sur les Corrogationes Promethei d’Alexandre Neckam’. Notices et extraits des manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Nationale et autres bibliothèques 35 (2): 641–82. https://archive.org/details/NoticesEtExtraits35Parties1Et2.
  • Meyer, Paul. 1897. ‘Les jours d’emprunt d’aprés Alexandre Neckham’. Romania 26: 98–100.
  • Meyer, Paul. 1906. ‘Notice du MS Bodley 57’. Romania 35: 576–77.
  • Michel, Francisque. 1862. Gesta Regum Britanniae: A Metrical History of the Britons of the XIIIth Century. Bordeaux: Cambrian Archaeological Association. https://archive.org/details/gestaregumbrita01assogoog.
  • Milliman, Paul. 2012. ‘Ludus Scaccarii: Games and Governance in Twelfth-Century England’. In Chess in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Age: A Fundamental Thought Paradigm of the Premodern World, edited by Daniel E. O’Sullivan, 63–86. Fundamentals of Medieval and Early Modern Culture 10. Berlin: De Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110288810.63.
  • Mynors, R.A.B., Richard H. Rouse, and Mary A. Rouse, eds. 1991. Registrum Anglie de libris doctorum et auctorum veterum. Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues 2. London: British Library.
  • Oguejiofor, J. Obi. 1995. The Arguments for the Immortality of the Soul in the First Half of the Thirteenth Century. Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale. Supplementa 5. Leuven: Peeters.
  • Ommanney, G.D.W. 1897. A Critical Dissertation on the Athanasian Creed: Its Original Language, Date, Authorship, Titles, Text, Reception, and Use. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Omont, Henri. 1887. Catalogue général des manuscrits des bibliothèques publiques de France. Départements: Évreux. Paris: Plon.
  • Owen, Janice E.B. 1982. ‘The Isopets: Their Sources, Originality and Their Contribution to Medieval Didactic Literature’. PhD diss., University of Colorado at Boulder.
  • O’Donnell, J. Reginald. 1969. ‘The Liberal Arts in the Twelfth Century: With Special Reference to Alexander Nequam (1157–1217)’. In Arts libéraux et philosophie au moyen âge: Actes du 4e congrès international de philosophie medievale, 127–35. Montréal: Institut d’Études Médiévales.
  • Öberg, Jan, ed. 1965. Serlon de Wilton. Poèmes latins. Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, Studia Latina Stockholmiensia 14. Stockholm: Almqvist och Wiksell.
  • Paetow, Louis John, ed. 1927. Morale Scolarium of John of Garland (Johannes de Garlandia). Memoirs of the University of California, 4.2. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Pantin, W.A. 1947. Canterbury College, Oxford. 4 vols. Oxford Historical Society 6–8, 30. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Quinn, Betty Nye. 1971. ‘Ps. Theodolus’. In Catalogus translationum et commentariorum: Mediaeval and renaissance Latin translations and commentaries, edited by Paul Oskar Kristeller and F. Edward Cranz, 2:383–408. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press. http://hdl.handle.net/2027/heb.06109.0002.001.
  • Rathbone, Eleanor. 1941. ‘Master Alberic of London, Mythographus tertius vaticanus’. Mediaeval and Renaissance Studies 1: 35–38.
  • Reeve, Michael D., ed. 2007. Geoffrey of Monmouth. The History of the Kings of Britain: An Edition and Translation of De gestis Britonum (Historia regum Britanniae). Translated by Neil Wright. Arthurian Studies 69. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell Press.
  • Ribémont, Bernard. 1995. De natura rerum: Études sur les encyclopédies médiévales. Orléans: Paradigme.
  • Ribémont, Bernard. 2002. La ‘renaissance’ du XIIe siècle et l’encyclopédisme. Essais sur le moyen âge 27. Paris: Champion.
  • Riedlinger, Helmut. 1958. Die Makellosigkeit der Kirche in den lateinischen Hoheliedkommentaren des Mittelalters. Beiträge zur Geschichte der Philosophie und Theologie des Mittelalters, 38.3. Münster: Aschendorff.
  • Rigg, A. G. 1977. ‘Golias and Other Pseudonyms’. Studi Medievali, 3rd ser., 18 (1): 65–109.
  • Rigg, A. G. 1982. ‘Beowulf 1368–72: An Analogue’. Notes and Queries 29 (2): 101–2. https://doi.org/10.1093/nq/29.2.101-d.
  • Rigg, A. G. 1992. A History of Anglo-Latin Literature, 1066–1422. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Rigg, A. G. 2008. ‘The Tortoise and the Snail: A Lexical Shellgame’. Medium Ævum 77 (2): 191–201. http://search.proquest.com/docview/194200627.
  • Robert, A.C.M. 1825. Fables inédites des XIIe, XIIIe, et XIVe siècles, et Fables de La Fontaine, rapprochées de celles de tous les auteurs qui avoient, avant lui, traité les mèmes sujets. 2 vols. Paris: Cabin.
  • Roberts, Julian, and Andrew G. Watson, eds. 1990. John Dee’s Library Catalogue. London: Bibliographical Society.
  • Robinson, J. Armitage, and M.R James. 1909. The Manuscripts of Westminster Abbey. Cambridge: University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511920110.
  • Rose, Valentin, ed. 1907. Egidii Corboliensis Viaticus De signis et symptomatibus aegritudinum. Leipzig: Teubner.
  • Rouse, Richard H., and Mary A. Rouse, eds. 2004. Henry of Kirkestede. Catalogus de libris autenticis et apocrifis. Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues 11. London: British Library.
  • Russell, Josiah C. 1932. ‘Alexander Neckam in England’. The English Historical Review 47 (186): 260–68. https://doi.org/10.1093/ehr/XLVII.CLXXXVI.260.
  • Ryter, Jacob, ed. 1586. M. Roberti Holkoth … In librum Sapientiae regis Salomonis Prælectiones CCXIII. Amsterdam: Sebastian Henric Petri.
  • Saxer, Victor. 1976. ‘Les hymnes magdaléniennes attribuées à Philippe le Chancelier sont-elles de lui?’ Mélanges de l’Ecole française de Rome. Moyen-Age, Temps modernes 88 (1): 157–97. https://doi.org/10.3406/mefr.1976.2345.
  • Scheler, Augustus. 1866. ‘Trois traités de lexicographie latine du XIIe et du XIIIe siècle’. Jahrbuch für romanische und englische Literatur 7: 58–74, 155–73. https://archive.org/details/jahrbuchfrroma07berl.
  • Schneyer, Johann Baptist. 1969–1990. Repertorium der lateinischen Sermones des Mittelalters, für die Zeit von 1150–1350. 11 vols. Beiträge zur Geschichte der Philosophie und Theologie des Mittelalters. Texte und Untersuchungen 43. Münster: Aschendorff.
  • Schuler, Stephan. 2000. ‘Fabrica et ratiocinatio. Neue Perspektiven für die Bewertung der Zivilisationstechniken in der wissensorganisierenden Literatur des 13. Jahrhunderts am Beispiel von Architektur und Enzyklopädik’. In Geistesleben im 13. Jahrhundert, edited by Jan A. Aertsen, Andreas Speer, and Frank Hentschel, 438–53. Miscellanea mediaevalia 27. Berlin: De Gruyter.
  • Schuler, Stephan. 2002. ‘Les rives médiévales du savoir aquatique dans les compilations d’histoire naturelle et l’encyclopédie universelle du bas Moyen Âge’. In Dans l’eau, sous l’eau: Le monde aquatique au moyen âge, edited by Danièle James-Raoul and Claude Alexandre Thomasset, 9–58. Cultures et civilisations médiévales 25. Paris: Presses de l’Université de Paris-Sorbonne.
  • Schulze-Busacker, Elisabeth. 1998. ‘Le Romulus vers 1180: Walter l’Anglais, Alexandre Nequam et Marie de France’. In Miscellanea mediaevalia: mélanges offerts à Philippe Ménard, edited by Claude Faucon, Alain Labbé, and Danielle Quéruel, 2:1213–33. Nouvelle bibliothèque du Moyen Âge 46. Paris: Champion.
  • Sharpe, Richard. 1984. ‘Geoffrey le Baker’s “aves Ganymedis”, Lundy Island, and Alexander Neckam’. Notes and Queries 31: 31–36. https://doi.org/10.1093/nq/31.1.31.
  • Sharpe, Richard. 1997. A Handlist of the Latin Writers of Great Britain and Ireland Before 1540. Publications of the Journal of Medieval Latin 1. Turnhout: Brepols.
  • Sharpe, Richard, James P. Carley, Rodney M. Thomson, and Andrew G. Watson, eds. 1996. English Benedictine Libraries: The Shorter Catalogues. Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues 4. London: British Library.
  • Shaw, Philip A. 2013. ‘Telling a Hawk from an Herodio: On the Origins and Development of the Old English Word Wealhhafoc and Its Relatives’. Medium Ævum 82 (1): 1–22. http://search.proquest.com/docview/1437586756.
  • Shooner, Hugues-V. 1981. ‘Les Bursarii Ovidianorum de Guillaume d’Orléans’. Mediaeval Studies 43: 405–24. https://doi.org/10.1484/J.MS.2.306277.
  • Stegmüller, Friedrich. 1950–1980. Repertorium biblicum medii aevi. 11 vols. Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas.
  • Stoneman, William P., ed. 1996. Dover Priory. Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues 5. London: British Library.
  • Talavera Esteso, F. J. 1983. ‘La Historia Naturalis de Juan Gil de Zamora y la tradición enciclopedística latina del s. XIII. Edición de sus prólogos’. Analecta Malacitana 6: 151–76. http://search.proquest.com/docview/1305440923.
  • Talavera Esteso, F. J. 1987. ‘El texto de Plinio, Naturalis Historia (11,11–70) en el Liber de natura rerum (9,2) de Tomás de Cantimpré’. Analecta Malacitana 10: 259–72. http://search.proquest.com/docview/1305436240.
  • Tanner, Thomas. 1748. Bibliotheca Britannico-Hibernica, siue, De scriptoribus, qui in Anglia, Scotia, et Hibernia ad saeculi XVII initium floruerunt, commentarius. Edited by David Wilkins. London: Bowyer.
  • Thomas, Hugh M. 2014. The Secular Clergy in England, 1066–1216. Oxford: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702566.001.0001.
  • Thomson, Rodney M. 1982. Manuscripts from St. Albans Abbey, 1066–1235. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Brewer.
  • Thomson, Rodney M. 1989. Catalogue of the Manuscripts of Lincoln Cathedral Chapter Library. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Brewer.
  • Thomson, Rodney M. 2011. Review of Alexandri Neckam. Suppletio Defectuum, Carmina Minora, by Peter Hochgürtel. The Journal of Medieval Latin 21: 279–81. https://doi.org/10.1484/J.JML.1.102537.
  • Thomson, Rodney M. 2015. The University and College Libraries of Oxford. Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues 16. London: British Library.
  • Thomson, Rodney M., and N. G. Wilson. 2009. A Descriptive Catalogue of the Medieval Manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford. Cambridge: Brewer.
  • Thomson, Rodney M., and N. G. Wilson, ed. 1988. Alexander Nequam. Speculum speculationum. Auctores Britannici Medii Aevi 11. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Tilliette, Jean-Yves. 2005. ‘Rhétorique de l’encyclopédie: Le cas du «De naturis rerum» d’Alexandre Neckam (vers 1200)’. In La transmission des savoirs au Moyen Âge et à la Renaissance, edited by Pierre Nobel, 1:289–302. Besançon: Presses universitaires de Franche-Comté.
  • Trench, Richard Chenevix. 1886. Sacred Latin Poetry, Chiefly Lyrical: Selected and Arranged for Use with Notes and Introduction. 3rd ed. London: Kegan Paul, Trench. https://archive.org/details/latinpoe00tren.
  • Trombi, Ugo. 2003. Inni, preghiere, cantici: poesia latina cristiana dal IV al XIII secolo. Brescia: Morcelliana.
  • Vernet, André, ed. 1979. La Bibliothèque de l’abbaye de Clairvaux du XIIe au XVIIIe siècle. Vol. 1. Paris: Editions du Centre national de la recherche scientifique.
  • Vezin, Jean. 2005. ‘Reconstitution d’un fauteuil de scribe à bras mobiles aux Musées d’Art et d’Histoire de la ville d’Auxerre (note d’information)’. Comptes rendus des séances de l’Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 149 (2): 693–707. https://doi.org/10.3406/crai.2005.22888.
  • Voorbij, Johannes B. 2000. ‘Purpose and Audience: Perspectives on the Thirteenth-Century Encyclopedias of Alexander Neckam, Bartholomaeus Anglicus, Thomas of Cantimpré and Vincent of Beauvais’. In The Medieval Hebrew Encyclopedias of Science and Philosophy, edited by Steven Harvey, 31–45. Amsterdam Studies in Jewish Thought 7. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-9389-2_2.
  • Walther, Hans. 1962. ‘Eine moral-asketische Dichtung des XIII. Jahrhunderts: Prorogationes Novi Promethei des Alexander Neckam’. Medium Ævum 31: 33–42. http://search.proquest.com/docview/1293318156.
  • Walther, Hans. 1965. ‘Zu den kleineren Gedichten Alexander Neckams’. Mittellateinisches Jahrbuch 2: 111–29.
  • Walther, Hans. 1969. Initia carminum ac versuum medii aevi posterioris Latinorum. 2nd ed. Carmina medii aevi posterioris Latina 1. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht.
  • Watson, Andrew G. 1969. The Manuscripts of Henry Savile of Banke. London: Bibliographical Society.
  • Watson, Andrew G. 1978. ‘Thomas Allen of Oxford and His Manuscripts’. In Medieval Scribes, Manuscripts and Libraries: Essays Presented to N.R. Ker, edited by M.B. Parkes and Andrew G. Watson, 279–314. London: Scolar Press.
  • Webber, Teresa, and Andrew G. Watson, eds. 1998. The Libraries of the Augustinian Canons. Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues 6. London: British Library.
  • Wedge, George Francis. 1967. ‘Alexander Neckam’s De naturis rerum: A Study, Together with Representative Passages in Translation’. PhD diss., University of Minnesota.
  • Wilmart, André. 1938. ‘Une suite au poème de Robert de Beaufeu pour l’éloge de la cervoise’. Revue bénédictine 50: 136–40.
  • Wirtjes, Hanneke Marion. 1986. ‘A Critical Edition of the Middle English Bestiary from British Library MS Arundel 292’. DPhil thesis, University of Oxford.
  • Wolfe, Arthur L. 1931. ‘Vergil as Dante Knew Him’. The Classical Journal 26 (8): 589–97. https://jstor.org/stable/3290532.
  • Wolff, Philippe. 1974. ‘Alexandre Neckam et l’article’. In Études de civilisation médiévale (IXe–XIIe siècles): Mélanges offerts à Edmond-René Labande, 763–66. Poitiers: CÉSCM.
  • Wollin, Carsten, ed. 1998. Petrus Blesensis Carmina. Corpus Christianorum, continuatio mediaevalis 128. Turnhout: Brepols.
  • Wright, Thomas, ed. 1857. ‘The treatise De utensilibus of Alexander Neckam’. In A Volume of Vocabularies, 1:96–119. [London]: Privately printed. https://archive.org/details/avolumevocabula01wriggoog.
  • Wright, Thomas, ed. 1863. Alexandri Neckam De naturis rerum libri duo. With the poem of the same author, De laudibus divinæ sapientiæ. Rolls Series 34. London: Longman. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139208239.
  • Wright, Thomas, ed. 1872. The Anglo-Latin Satirical Poets and Epigrammatists of the Twelfth Century. 2 vols. Rolls Series 59. London: Longman.
  • Záhora, Tomáš. 2007. ‘The Tropological Universe: Alexander Neckam’s Encyclopedias and the Natures of Things at the Turn of the Thirteenth Century’. PhD diss., Fordham University. http://search.proquest.com/docview/304647586.
  • Záhora, Tomáš. 2011. ‘Tropology in Practice: Alexander Neckam’s Solatium fidelis anime’. Viator 42 (1): 113–38. https://doi.org/10.1484/J.VIATOR.1.102006.
  • Záhora, Tomáš. 2013. ‘Attendant to a Higher Judge: Competing Paradigms of Legal Practice in the Thought of Alexander Neckam (1157–1217)’. Journal of Religious History 37 (4): 494–509. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9809.12085.
  • Záhora, Tomáš. 2014. Nature, Virtue, and the Boundaries of Encyclopedic Knowledge: The Tropological Universe of Alexander Neckam (1157–1217). Europa Sacra 13. Turnhout: Brepols. https://doi.org/10.1484/M.ES-EB.5.106016.

Major works

  1. De utensilibus

    Title:Hunt (1991, 1:178) prints the standard accessus to the work, which specifies the title as De utensilibus, also used in several manuscripts; the form De nominibus utensilium seems to have been popularized only because it appears in the manuscript used for the first edition, by Wright (1857, 1:96).
    Date: 
    Language:Latin
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents: 
    Incipit:Qui bene uult disponere familie sue et rebus suis...
    Explicit:nisi quisque fideliter firmiterque crediderit saluus esse non poterit. Explicit.
    Manuscripts
    1. Berlin, Staatsbibliothek und Preussischer Kulturbesitz, lat. fol. 607r (formerly Phillipps 13835), f. 1ra–9rc (s. xiv1); glossed
    2. Besançon, Bibliothèque municipale, 534, f. 35v (s. xiv2); glossed
    3. Brugge, Openbare bibliotheek, 536, f. 80r–89v (s. xiii/xiv); glossed
    4. Brugge, Openbare bibliotheek, 546, f. 1r–v (s. xiii)
      exp.
      sali mixta/ (Scheler 1866, 61, line 14)
    5. Cambrai, Bibliothèque municipale, 969 (867) (s. xiv)
      rubric
      Dictionarius magistri Iohannis de Gallandia
      inc. gloss
      In principio huius uoluminis plura incurrunt inquirenda
    6. Cambridge, Gonville and Caius College Library, 136 (76), pp. 1–20 (s. xiii2); glossed
    7. Cambridge, Gonville and Caius College Library, 385 (605), pp. 341–344 (s. xiii); abbreviated version
    8. Cambridge, Trinity College Library, O.7.9 (1337), f. 122r–135r (s. xiii)
      rubric, in gloss
      partes magistri Alexandri
      inc. gloss
      Cognitioni uniuscuiusque causati
    9. Canterbury, Cathedral Library, Add. 129/1 (s. xiv2)
    10. Dublin, Trinity College Library, 270 (D.4.9), f. 26r–33v and 157r–169r (s. xiii–xiv); glossed; two copies of the text
    11. Edinburgh, Advocates Library, 18.4.13, f. iiir–ivv (s. xiv); heavily glossed; the outer bifolium of a quire, providing only the beginning and end of the text
    12. Erfurt, Universitäts- und Forschungsbibliothek, Amplon. O.12, f. 12v–22v (s. xiii/xiv)
      rubric, in gloss
      partes magistri Alexandri Nequam
      gloss
      Materia huius libri sunt utensilia
    13. Kiel, Universitätsbibliothek, KB 38, f. 6r–25v (s. xiv); glossed
      exp.
      sic inutile a me sepe accepisti
      rubric, in gloss
      auctor … magister Alexander Nequam
      inc. gloss
      In principio huius libri ista sunt scienda et notanda
    14. København, Kongelige biblioteket, Fabricius 92 (iv) 8º, f. 25v–42r (a. 1308)
      rubric
      Dictionarius magistri Alexandri nequam
      inc. gloss
      materia libri scriptoris sunt utensilia
    15. Lincoln, Cathedral Library, 132 (C.5.8), f. 37r–51r (s. xiii)
      inc. gloss
      Nota quod hec diccio
    16. London, British Library, Add. 8092, f. 1r–5v (s. xiii1)
      exp.
      prosequutus sum (Scheler 1866, 163, line 4)
      rubric, in gloss
      Incipiunt epistole magistri Alexandri Nequam de utensilibus domorum
      inc. gloss
      Materia huius libelli sunt utensilia
    17. London, British Library, Cotton Titus D. xx, f. 3r–66v (s. xiv)
      inc. gloss
      In principio huius libri sunt ista inquirenda, scilicet quid sit titulus, quis sit auctor, que materia … secundum magistrum Alexandrum
    18. London, British Library, Harley 683 (s. xiii)
      1. fols 12r–19r; glossed
      2. fol. 36r–v, running lemmatized commentary on the opening of De utensilibus
      3. fols 38r–54v
        gloss
        In principio huius libri uidendum est quod auctor dicitur magister Alexander
    19. London, Wellcome Library, 801A, f. 104ra­–118rb (s. xiiiin: Bury St Edmunds; formerly St Edmundsbury Cathedral, MS 4, purchased 1971); glossed
    20. Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, I 246 inf., f. 10r–24r (s. xiv)
    21. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Digby 37, f. 121r–133v (s. xiii1); owned by master Elias de Trykyngham
      exp.
      et depingendum. Explicit. (Scheler 1866, 171, line 7)
      rubric, in gloss
      Hic incipiunt partes magistri Alexandri Nequam
      gloss
      Intentio autoris est nomina utensilium colligere
    22. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Lat. misc. B.13, f. 49r (s. xiii), fragment
      inc.
      /tate emergente (Scheler 1866, 165, line 3)
      exp.
      et nunc superioretur/ (Scheler 1866, 166, line 22)
    23. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Laud misc. 497, f. 300r–303v (s. xiii1), fragment (example of the gloss provided in Meyer 1868, 298)
      inc.
      /penula taxea (Scheler 1866, 63, lines 23–4)
      exp.
      cererem terre/ (Scheler 1866, 162, line 11)
    24. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Rawl. G.96 (SC 15567), pp. 177a–196b (s. xiii)
      inc. gloss
      Virorum (recte cum rerum) noticia
    25. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Rawl. G.99 (SC 15462), f. 138r–149v (s. xiii)
      rubric, in gloss
      libellus magistri Alexandri Nequam de utensilibus
    26. Oxford, Saint John's College Library, 178, f. 402r–411r (s. xiii)
      exp.
      scribi debet/ (Scheler 1866, 169, line 20); a few glosses
    27. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, lat. 7679, f. 5v–25v (s. xv)
      rubric
      Incipit de utensilibus Alexandri
      gloss
      Hec dictio ‘qui’ quandoque est relatiuum
    28. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, lat. 15171, f. 176ra–95ra (s. xiii3) [Gall]
      exp.
      nomina uel uocabula/ (Scheler 1866, 173, line 13)
      rubric, in gloss
      (fol. 194va) Explicit libellus magistri Alexandri Nequam
      inc. gloss
      Sicut dicit Tullius in principio siue prologo sue retorice, Eloquentia sine sapientia nocet
    29. Paris, Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, 1210, f. 70r–73v (s. xiiex); incomplete
    30. Saint-Claude (Jura), Bibliothèque municipale, 6, pp. 123–46 (s. xiii)
    31. Wien, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, 12535, f. 1r–8r (s. xiii); glossed
    32. Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf. 13.10 Aug. 4º (3035), f. 190r–197r (s. xiii), fragment (Scheler 1866, 63–74, 155–56; see Rose 1907, xvii)
    33. Worcester, Cathedral Library, Q.50, f. 5r–18v (s. xiii1)
      gloss
      In principio huius libri hec inquirenda sunt, Quis auctor
    Records
    • Augustinian Canons, Leicester, 15th cent. catalogue (Webber and Watson 1998, A20.†978); attributed to John of Garland
    • Augustinian Canons, Leicester, 15th cent. catalogue (Webber and Watson 1998, A20.1000i); ‘qui bene uult disponere’
    • Austin Friars, York: Catalogue, 1382, with additions (Humphreys 1990, FA8.502f)
    • ?Benedictines, Bury: Henry de Kirkestede, Catalogus, c.1360 (Rouse and Rouse 2004, K4.20), ‘de utensilibus necessariis, “quam bene”’ = Wellcome 801A
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, Christ Church: Prior Eastry’s catalogue, not after 1331 (James 1903, BC4.1356), ‘Alexander coquinarius’
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, Christ Church: Prior Eastry’s catalogue, not after 1331 (James 1903, BC4.1371c), ‘Alexander coquinarius’
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, St Augustine’s: 15th cent. catalogue (Barker-Benfield 2008, BA1.1117e), ‘liber A. Necquam qui incipit Qui bene uult disponere’
    • Benedictines, Dover, St Martin’s: John Whitfield’s catalogue, 1389 (Stoneman 1996, BM1.378c), ‘qui bene uult disponere’
    • Benedictines, Dover, St Martin’s: John Whitfield’s catalogue, 1389 (Stoneman 1996, BM1.408d), ‘Alexander cusyneyer’
    • Benedictines, Dover, St Martin’s: John Whitfield’s catalogue, 1389 (Stoneman 1996, BM1.412b), ‘Alexander cusynyer’
    • Benedictines, Dover, St Martin’s: John Whitfield’s catalogue, 1389 (Stoneman 1996, BM1.442e), ‘Alexander cusynyer’
    • Benedictines, Durham (Botfield 1838, 33)
    • Benedictines, Holme, St Benet’s: Leland, c.1536–40 (Sharpe et al. 1996, B50.1)
    • Brigittines, Syon: Registrum of the library of the Brethren, c.1500–c.1524 (Gillespie and Doyle 2001, SS1.9c), ‘tractatus qui uult disponere familie sue cum glasa’
    • Cambridge, Peterhouse: Catalogue, 24 Dec. 1418 (Clarke 2002, UC48.*435b) = Cambridge, Peterhouse 215 (now lacking De utensilibus)
    • Carmelites, Hulne: Catalogue, 1433 (Humphreys 1990, FC3.49b), ‘libro de gramatica de nominibus utensilium in asseribus cum albo coreo et modici valoris’
    • Carmelites, Norwich (Bale 1902, 23–24)
    • Carthusians, Witham: John Blacman’s gifts, c.1463–74 (Gillespie and Doyle 2001, C8.15f)
    • Dominicans, Exeter: Leland, c.1536–40 (Humphreys 1990, F10.49b), ‘cum libro de gramatica de nominibus utensilium’, anon.
    • Eton (Bale 1902, 23)
    • Premonstratensians, Titchfield: Catalogue, Michaelmas 1400 (Bell 1992, P6.157a)
    • Premonstratensians, Titchfield: Catalogue, Michaelmas 1400 (Bell 1992, P6.178c)
    Modern editions Modern translations
    Literature
  2. Nouus Esopus

    Title: 
    Date: 
    Language:Latin
    Genre:Fable
    Form:Vers élégiaques
    Contents:Recueil de 40 fables ésopiques.
    Incipit:Ingluuie cogente lupus dum deuorat ossa,
    pars ossis fracti faucibus hœsit ei:
    Anxius, orat opem supplex pecudesque ferasque
    insuper, et uolucrum postulat auxilium...
    Explicit:... Sub specie matris, inquit, me, perfide, quaeris
    perdere; curtatum non habet illa capud.
    Consiliis nos ista monent parere parentum,
    Qui nostre causas utilitatis habent.
    Translations:Isopet de Chartres (français)
    Isopet II de Paris (français)
    Manuscripts
    1. Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, F.IV.50, f. 174v–181r (s. xv2), nos. 1, 3, 4, 22, 24, 25, 29 (imperf.), 30–3, 36, 39, 42
    2. Berlin, Staatsbibliothek und Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Santen B.4, f. 38va–42va (1449: France), nos. 1–11, 13, 12, 15–17, 14, 18–30, Walther 583, 31–42
    3. Edinburgh, Advocates Library, 18.4.9, f. 57vb–9vb (s. xiv), nos. 31, 32, 34, 38, 39, 41, 42, 19, (43), 8, 6, 1, 2, 9, 10, 13–16, 20–25; also includes ‘Arboris in patula mel reperit ursa cauerna’ (fol. 58vb: edited in Hochgürtel 2008, 244).
    4. London, British Library, Cotton Vespasian B. xxiii, f. 110v–118v (s. xiv), nos. 1–42
    5. Madrid, Real Biblioteca del Palacio Real, II.468, f. 11r–24v (s. xiv), nos. 1–11, 13, 12, 14–42
    6. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, lat. 2904, pp. 153–4 (s. xiiex), nos. 1–6 (no. 7, rubric only)
    7. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, lat. 8471 (s. xiii1)
      1. fols 1r–15v, nos. 1–42
      2. summary, f. 16r–17v
    Records
    • Austin Friars, York: Catalogue, 1382, with additions (Humphreys 1990, FA8.*493e), ‘fabule Ysopi’ = Cotton Vespasian B. xxiii
    • Bale (1902, 26)
    • Benedictines, Glastonbury: Catalogue, 1247, with additions (Sharpe et al. 1996, B39.†338), ‘liber Osopis Atheniensis de fabulis’
    • Benedictines, Peterborough: Catalogue, late 14th cent. (Friis-Jensen and Willoughby 2001, BP21.†176q), ‘fabule Hesopi’
    • Benedictines, St Albans-Belvoir: List of books (Sharpe et al. 1996, B92.†9d), ‘Osopus’
    Modern editions
    • Robert (1825, 1:109, 124, 194, 205, 237, 260); du Méril (1854, 169–213); Bastin (1929, 1:ix–xii, 3–30); Garbugino (1987); Hervieux (1883–1899, 1:702–716, 2:787–812)
    Modern translations
    Literature
  3. Nouus Auianus

    Title: 
    Date: 
    Language:Latin
    Genre:Fable
    Form: 
    Contents: 
    Incipit:Vincere quod lenis nequit exhortatio uincit...
    Explicit:... Si conferre potes omnibus ergo tibi.
    Manuscripts
    1. Cambridge, University Library, Gg.6.42, f. 232v–234v (s. xiiimed), nos. 1–6
    2. Madrid, Real Biblioteca del Palacio Real, II.468, f. 24v–7 (s. xiv), nos 1–6
    3. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, lat. 11867, f. 217va–18ra (s. xiii2), nos. 1–6 [Gall]
    4. A manuscript owned by Bale (1902, 26).
    Modern editions Modern translations
    Literature
  4. Super Martianum

    Title:Alexander Nequam super Marcianum de nupciis Mercurii et Philologie
    Date: 
    Language:Latin
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents: 
    Incipit:Marciani Minei Felicis Capelle de nuptiis Philologie et Mercurii fabula incipit. Titulus iste demonstrat...
    Explicit:... ‘Habes electorum’. Quasi diceret, scis quid scriptum et quid scribendum sit.
    Manuscripts
    1. Cambridge, Trinity College Library, R.14.9 (884), f. 38r–63 (s. xiv)
    2. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Digby 221, f. 34vb–88ra (s. xiv)
    Records
    • Bale (1557–1559, 2:167)
    • Benedictines, Dover, St Martin’s: John Whitfield’s catalogue, 1389 (Stoneman 1996, BM1.316b)
    • Franciscans, Reading: Leland, c.1536–40 (Humphreys 1990, F10.2)
    • Austin Friars, Oxford: Books noted by Thomas Gascoigne, c.1430 (Humphreys 1990, F35.2)
    Modern editions Modern translations
    Literature
  5. Expositio simboli Athanasii episcopi

    Stegmüller (1950–1980), no. 1170

    Title: 
    Date: 
    Language:Latin
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents: 
    Incipit and explicit:
    rubric
    Expositio simboli Athanasii episcopi secundum Magistrum Alexandrum Nequam
    inc. prol.
    Dicit apostolus. Fides est fundamentum quod inuitari non potest.
    exp. prol.
    ideo de illo primo dicendum.
    inc. text
    Quicunque uult saluus esse. Sic ordinate constructionem.
    exp. text
    hoc propter paruulos. saluus esse non poterit.
    Manuscripts
    1. Cambrai, Bibliothèque municipale, 977 (875), f. 172r–184r (s. xiiiin)
      rubric
      Tractatus magistri Alexandri Nequam super Quicumque uult.
    2. London, British Library, Harley 3133, f. 92r–100r (s. xiii1)
      rubric
      Explicit fides catholica Anthanasii episcopi exposita a magistro Alexandro de sancto Albano.
    3. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Auct. D.2.9 (SC 2330), f. 184va–188rc (s. xiii)
      rubric
      Expositio fidei catholice a magistro Alexandro edita.
    4. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Bodley 284 (SC 2339; s. xiii1: Cirencester)
      1. fols 297r–306r
      2. fols 306r–307r, an anonymous abbreviation of Alexander’s commentary, inc. ‘Caput aquile uisum ab ezechiele eminentius erat tribus ceteris capitibus. Per quod designatur quia fides est supra rationem et memoriam et intellectum.’
    5. (alternate recension) Oxford, Bodleian Library, Rawl. C.67 (SC 15517), f. 86r–92r (s. xiii: ?Hereford)
    Records
    • Augustinian Canons, Hexham: Henry de Kirkestede, Catalogus, c.1360 (Rouse and Rouse 2004, K4.10)
    • Benedictines, Bury: Henry de Kirkestede, Catalogus, c.1360 (Rouse and Rouse 2004, K4.10)
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, Christ Church: Prior Eastry’s catalogue, not after 1331 (James 1903, BC4.1256) = Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.10), correcting from Carthusians, Witham
    • Benedictines, Peterborough: Catalogue, late 14th cent. (Friis-Jensen and Willoughby 2001, BP21.159x)
    • Benedictines, Peterborough: Catalogue, late 14th cent. (Friis-Jensen and Willoughby 2001, BP21.162f)
    • Benedictines, Ramsey: Henry de Kirkestede, Catalogus, c.1360 (Rouse and Rouse 2004, K4.10)
    • Benedictines, St Albans: Leland, c.1536–40 (Sharpe et al. 1996, B91.1) = Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.10), correcting from Carthusians, Witham
    Modern editions
    Modern translations
    Literature
    • Häring (1972); Ommanney (1897, 241–48); Burn (1896, 44)
  6. Questiones

    Title:Incipiunt questiones secundum magistrum Alexandrum de sancto Albano.
    Date: 
    Language:Latin
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents: 
    Incipit:Queritur utrum Abraam alio modo posset saluari...
    Explicit:... perfecta suadentur.
    Manuscript
    1. London, Lambeth Palace Library, 421, f. 124va–127ra (s. xiiiin), twenty-eight short questions.

    Quotations from a work with this title in Sol meldunensis, with an expanded text.

    Records
    • Augustinian Canons, Lanthony: Catalogue, late 14th cent. (Webber and Watson 1998, A16.*209x) = Lambeth 421
    • Benedictines, Ramsey: Henry de Kirkestede, Catalogus, c.1360 (Rouse and Rouse 2004, K4.12)
    • Carthusians, Witham: Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.12)
    Modern editions
    Modern translations
    Literature
  7. Glose super psalterium

    Stegmüller (1950–1980), no. 1163

    Title: 
    Date:Post 1193: Refers to the Third Crusade (Hunt 1984, 26–27).
    Language:Latin
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents: 
    Incipit and explicit:
    inc. prol.
    De ortu deliciarum paradysi
    exp. prol.
    (original) nulla discordia. nec postulatio. qualis sit in uia.
    (revised) que per regnum salomonis designata est.
    inc. text
    Beatus uir … Licet psalmus iste exponatur
    exp. text
    quia idem est deus ueteris et noui testamenti [Ps. 145:10].
    Manuscripts
    1. London, Lambeth Palace Library, 61, f. 1ra–115vb (s. xiii1: Lanthony); lacks Pss. 30:8–33:2, 56:4–67:10
      rubric
      Psalterium magistri Alexandri (fol. 1r)
      exp.
      uisum est quid ideo specialiter [Ps. 89:1]
    2. second recension: London, British Library, Royal 2 C. xi, f. 1ra–206va (s. xiii: Ramsey)
      rubric
      Psalterium magistri Alexandri Nequam (added s. xiv)
    3. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Bodley 284 (SC 2339), f. iiir–295va (s. xiii1: Cirencester)
      rubric
      Alexander Necham super psalmos (fol. iii: Leland’s hand)
    4. corrected by author Oxford, Jesus College Library, 94, f. 1ra–56vb (s. xiiex: ?Oxford); lacks Pss. 37:2–90:16
      exp.
      uiuifica me iuxta uerbum tuum [Ps. 118:107]

    Excerpts in Sol meldunensis.

    Records
    • Augustinian Canons, Cirencester: Leland, c.1536–40 (Webber and Watson 1998, A9.*1) = Jesus College, 94
    • Augustinian Canons, Lanthony: Catalogue, late 14th cent. (Webber and Watson 1998, A16.*51) = Lambeth 61
    • Augustinian Canons, Leicester: Catalogue, 15th cent. (Webber and Watson 1998, A20.470), ‘Alexander de materia psalmorum’
    • Benedictines, Bury: Henry de Kirkestede, Catalogus, c.1360 (Rouse and Rouse 2004, K4.3)
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, Christ Church: Prior Eastry’s catalogue, not after 1331 (James 1903, BC4.1249a)
    • Benedictines, Kelso: Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.5)
    • Benedictines, Peterborough: Catalogue, late 14th cent. (Friis-Jensen and Willoughby 2001, BP21.94e)
    • Benedictines, St Albans: Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.5)
    • ?Carthusians, Hinton, Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.5)
    • Library of King Henry VIII, Westminster: Inventory of the Upper Library, 1542 (Carley 2000 H2.*588 = H4.*1) = Royal 2 C. xi
    Modern editions
    Modern translations
    Literature
  8. Corrogationes Promethei

    Title: 
    Date: 
    Language:Latin
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents: 
    Incipit and explicit:
    inc. prol.
    Ferrum situ rubiginem ducit et uittis non putata in labruscam siluescit
    exp. prol
    si non circa uilem patulumque morabimur orbem.
    inc. part 1
    Excellentissimo philosopho Platoni uisum est grammaticam non esse censendam nomine arris
    exp. part 1
    et senex dicitur delirus. Horatius in fine uersus deliret acumen [Epp. 1.12.20].
    inc. part 2
    Post hec de singulis libris bibliothece aliquas dictiones proferre libet in medium
    exp. part 2
    iam humanam naturam excellentiorem esse angelica.
    Manuscripts
    1. Bern, Burgerbibliothek, B 45, f. 1r–103v (s. xiv), ends with the beginning of John; index at fol. 104v
    2. Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, Parker Library, 217, f. 318r–362v (s. xiii: Worcester) [www]
    3. Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, Parker Library, 460 (s. xiii–xiv, ?East Anglia) [www]
      1. fols 25r–37v
        rubric
        (fol. 25r) Incipit tractatus alex. nequam secundum promatheum.
        inc.
        (fol. 25r) Quoniam autem gramatice partes sint ortographia prosodia sunanologia (?) uel sintesis
        rubric
        (fol. 34r) Hic incipiunt prologi biblie. secundum promatheum.
        inc.
        (fol. 34r) Antequam ad expositionem partium librorum bibliotece
      2. alphabetical version: fols 37v-68r
        inc.
        (fol. 37v) Post hec de singulis libris bibliotece
        rubric
        (fol. 68r) Explicit compendium super promatheum alexandri nequam.
    4. Cambridge, Gonville and Caius College Library, 236 (122), pp. 1a–309a (s. xiiiex: ?Ramsey or St Ives), Part 2 only (expanded)
    5. Cambridge, Pembroke College Library, 103, f. 85ra–125va (s. xiii1)
      rubric
      Incipiunt Corrogaciones Promethei. Prologus magistri Alexandri Nequam.
    6. Cambridge, Pembroke College Library, 112, f. 53–70 (s. xiii1); part 1 only
    7. Cambridge, Pembroke College Library, 275, f. 15ra–24rb (s. xiii: Reading); part 2 only
      exp.
      de cordibus hominum. De (?) canniate/ [Job].
    8. Cambridge, University Library, Kk.5.10, f. 32Sra–68vb (s. xiii: Durham, s. xv, from Thomas Swalwell; see Emden, BRUO 1828, Ker, MLGB, p. 258), Part 2 only
      rubric
      Incipit summa magistri A. Nequam.
      exp.
      mandata eius/ [1 John 5:2]
    9. Dublin, Trinity College Library, 256, f. 1r–113r (s. xiii1)
      inc.
      /minis ut cum paricida.
    10. Dublin, Trinity College Library, 257, f. 1r–85v (s. xiii1)
    11. Évreux, Bibliothèque municipale, MS L. 72 (s. xiii: Lyre)
      1. fol. 1v, letter explaining the title Corrogationes Promethei (printed by Omont 1887, 65; Meyer 1896, 651–52; Guéry 1917, 393–94)
      2. fols 2r–109r
        rubric
        Correctiones Promethei
    12. London, Lambeth Palace Library, 162, f. 67r–121v (s. xv). Part 2 only
      exp.
      ad tactum fimbrie domini sanata est emorissa a profluuio/ [Mark 5:25]
      rubric
      Ferrum super genesim.
    13. Lincoln, Cathedral Library, 162 (B.2.4), f. 203r–209r (s. xiv); part 2 only (described in Thomson 1989, 130–31)
    14. London, British Library, Egerton 2261, f. 111rb–174va (s. xiii); part 2 only
      rubric
      Expliciunt excerpta super singulos libros bibliothece edita a magistro Alexandro nequam dicto per contrarium. (fol. 174va)
    15. London, British Library, Harley 6, f. 150r-196r (s. xiiimid: Chichester) [www]
      rubric
      Incipiunt corrogationes Promethei. Prologus.
    16. London, British Library, Harley 1687, f. 128r–139r (s. xiii/xiv); part 1 only [www]
    17. London, British Library, Royal 2 D. viii (s. xiiiex)
      1. text preceded on fols 1r–10r by an alphabetical list of words dealt with in part 2
      2. fols 10va–11vb list the capitula of 1–2, headed ‘Incipiunt capitula super Ysagogas Magistri Alexandri Nequam’
      3. fols 16r–145v, text
        exp.
        Set quid. Nonne/ (1 Thess. 4:15)
    18. London, British Library, Royal 5 C. v
      1. fols 2ra–57rb (s. xiii-xiv: Sempringham)
        rubric
        Corrogationes Premothei
      2. fols 57rb-vb, letter from S., prior of Malmesbury, to Walter of Mileto
    19. London, British Library, Royal 8 A. xxi, f. 170r–183v (s. xiii); part 2 only, Exodus to Maccabees
    20. London, British Library, Royal 15 B. iv, f. 16r–23vb (s. xiii); part 1 only
      exp.
      an ordaceus/
    21. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Auct. F.5.23 (SC 2674), f. 7ra-86rb (s. xiiiex: Coventry)
      rubric
      Libellus iste dicitur ferrum quem exposuit magister Alexander Necham (fol. 85v: s. xiv)
      Expliciunt exposiciones parcium biblie secundum magistrum Alexandrum Necham (fol. 86r: s. xiv)
    22. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Bodley 57 (SC 2004), f. 20v, 81r–83v, 53r–v (s. xiii-xiv: ?Leicester Can. Reg.); excerpts from part 2 only (Meyer 1906; Brown 1920, 480 quotes from fol. 20v)
    23. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Bodley 550 (SC 2300), f. 1ra–100rb (s. xiii1: Reading)
      rubric
      Incipiunt corrogationes promethei. (fol. 1ra)
    24. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Bodley 760 (SC 2673), f. 99ra–171va (s. xiiiex: Reading)
      rubric
      Explicit liber magistri Alexander Nequam Abbatis. (fol. 171vb)
    25. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Hatton 44 (SC 4094), f. 3ra–143vb (s. xiii)
      rubric
      (In)cipit ysago(gi) cum magis(tri) Alexandri. (fol. 3ra)
    26. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Laud Misc. 112, f. 9ra–42va (s. xiii: Ely)
      rubric
      Incipiunt Corrogaciones promethei. Prologus (fol. 9ra); in list of contents: Summa que uocatur Promotheus (fol. 1vb)
    27. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Rawl. c.67, f. 95–161v (s. xiii: ?Hereford), Part 2 precedes Part 1
      rubric
      Explicit summa magistri A. Nequam super Bibliam. Sequitur summa de cognicione locutionum figuraturarum [sic] ab eodem compilata (fol. 145v); Explicit expositio litteralis diccionum difficilium in totam bibliam (fol. 161v)
    28. Oxford, Balliol College Library, 234, f. 1r (s. xiii); part 1 (fragment)
    29. Oxford, Merton College Library, 254, entire manuscript (s. xiiiin)
      rubric
      Incipit ysagogicum magistri Alexandri Nequam (fol. 1r)
    30. Oxford, Saint John's College Library, 178, f. 105r–139r (s. xiiiex: Westminster), part 1 only
      rubric
      Prologus magistri Alexandri Nequam.
    31. Paris, Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, 1211, f. 277r–306r (s. xiii-xiv), Part 2 only; see Meyer (1896, 676n1, 680n4)
    32. Pommersfelden, Gräflich Schönborn’sche Schloßbibliothek, 177, f. 109r–113r, part II only
    33. Troyes, Bibliothèque municipale, 1048, item 11 (s. xiii: Clairvaux; see Vernet (1979, 1:72); part 2 only, Ecclus. Sap.
      rubric
      Glosule magistri A N super Ecclesiasticum, Job, Parabolos, Ecclesiastem, Cantica Canticorum et Librum Sapiencie.
    34. Torino, Biblioteca nazionale universitaria, D.V.29, f. 1ra–46 (s. xiii: English, later in Vercelli), part 2 only, damaged.
      rubric
      Hic incipiunt expositiones uerborum bibliothece secundum magistrum Alexandrum Nequam.
    35. Uppsala, Carolinabiblioteket, C.145, f. 73r–98r (s. xiii1, Paris?), part II only
    36. Wien, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, 1310, f. 1r–108r (s. xiv, Bremen), part II only
    37. Worcester, Cathedral Library, F.1, f. 168ra–254rb (s. xiii: Worcester)

    Excerpts in Sol meldunensis and London, British Library, Add. 69999.

    Records
    • Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.11), ‘Ysagoge Alexandri’ = Henry de Kirkestede, Catalogus, c.1360 (Rouse and Rouse 2004, K4.11)
    • Augustinian Canons, Lanthony: Catalogue, late 14th cent. (Webber and Watson 1998, A16.264b), ‘isagogicum Alexandri’
    • Augustinian Canons, Lanthony: Catalogue, late 14th cent. (Webber and Watson 1998, A16.493), ‘isagogicum Alexandri Nequam’
    • Augustinian Canons, Leicester: Catalogue, 15th cent. (Webber and Watson 1998, A20.305h), ‘Alexander Necham super uetus testamentum et nouum’
    • Augustinian Canons, Leicester: Catalogue, 15th cent. (Webber and Watson 1998, A20.468 = A20.471)
    • Augustinian Canons, Leicester: Catalogue, 15th cent. (Webber and Watson 1998, A20.469b), ‘in uerbis biblie difficilibus’
    • Augustinian Canons, Leicester: Catalogue, 15th cent. (Webber and Watson 1998, A20.746d), ‘super diccionibus biblie’
    • Augustinian Canons, Waltham: Leland, c.1536–40 (Webber and Watson 1998, A39.3), ‘uocabularius A. N. de singulis libris bibliothecae’
    • Austin Friars, York: Catalogue, 1382, with additions (Humphreys 1990, FA8.†142d), ‘Alex. Nequam de partibus biblie’
    • Austin Friars, York: Catalogue, 1382, with additions (Humphreys 1990, FA8.31a)
    • Benedictines, Bury: Henry de Kirkestede, Catalogus, c.1360 (Rouse and Rouse 2004, K4.4), ‘de difficilibus uerbis bibliae’
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, Christ Church: Prior Eastry’s catalogue, not after 1331 (James 1903, BC4.1235e), ‘Glose super nouum Tesamentum secundum A. Nequam’ (i.e. part 2)
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, Christ Church: Prior Eastry’s catalogue, not after 1331 (James 1903, BC4.1249), ‘Promotheus’
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, Christ Church: Prior Eastry’s catalogue, not after 1331 (James 1903, BC4.1355a), ‘Tractatus M. A. Nequam super uetus et nouum Testamentum’ (part 2)
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, Christ Church: Prior Eastry’s catalogue, not after 1331 (James 1903, BC4.1371b), ‘Summa magistri A. Nequam’
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, Christ Church: Prior Eastry’s catalogue, not after 1331 (James 1903, BC4.561), ‘Summa M. A. Nequam’
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, Christ Church: Prior Eastry’s catalogue, not after 1331 (James 1903, BC4.650a), ‘Promotheus Alexandri Nequam’
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, Christ Church: Prior Eastry’s catalogue, not after 1331 (James 1903, BC4.710b–c), ‘Tractatus M. A. Nequam de ortographia’
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, Christ Church: Prior Eastry’s catalogue, not after 1331 (James 1903, BC4.727), ‘Promotheus Alexandri Nequam’
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, St Augustine’s: Catalogue, 15th cent. (Barker-Benfield 2008, BA1.307a) ‘Promotheus A. N. de accentibus et expositiones extraneorum uocabulorum biblie’
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, St Augustine’s: Catalogue, 15th cent. (Barker-Benfield 2008, BA1.308), ‘Prometheus A. N. de exposicione diuersorum uocabulorum biblie’, part 2 only
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, St Augustine’s: Catalogue, 15th cent. (Barker-Benfield 2008, BA1.309)
    • Benedictines, Dover, St Martin’s: John Whitfield’s catalogue, 1389 (Stoneman 1996, BM1.439v), ‘Visio Platonis de grammatica’
    • Benedictines, Durham (Botfield 1838, 49)
    • Benedictines, Evesham: Books acquired by Abbot Thomas Marlborough, early 13th cent. (Sharpe et al. 1996, B29.32)
    • Benedictines, Gloucester: Books owned by Robert of Aldsworth, 13th cent. (Sharpe et al. 1996, B47.21), ‘ferrum situ’ = Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.8), ‘super nouum et uetus testamentum’ = Henry de Kirkestede, Catalogus, c.1360 (Rouse and Rouse 2004, K4.9)
    • Benedictines, Muchelney (London, BL, Royal 7 A.II, f. 1v): ‘Memoriale de Mucheln’ propter Ysagogicum magistri Alexandri Nequam’
    • Benedictines, Peterborough: Books given by Abbot Alexander of Holderness (1222–26) (Friis-Jensen and Willoughby 2001, BP5.9), ‘corrogaciones Promethei’
    • Benedictines, Peterborough: Catalogue, late 14th cent. (Friis-Jensen and Willoughby 2001, BP21.114d–e)
    • Benedictines, Ramsey: Catalogue roll, late 14th cent. (Sharpe et al. 1996, B68.23)
    • Benedictines, Ramsey: Catalogue roll, late 14th cent. (Sharpe et al. 1996, B68.327)
    • Benedictines, Ramsey: Catalogue roll, late 14th cent. (Sharpe et al. 1996, B68.471)
    • Benedictines, Ramsey: Catalogue roll, late 14th cent. (Sharpe et al. 1996, B68.516a)
    • Benedictines, Ramsey: Fragment of catalogue, mid-14th cent. (Sharpe et al. 1996, B67.101)
    • Brigittines, Syon: Registrum of the library of the Brethren, c.1500-c.1524 (Gillespie and Doyle 2001, SS1.868j), ‘Repertorium quoddam siue expositio optima verborum difficilium biblie secundum ordinem singulorum librorum eiusdem’
    • Cambridge, King’s College (Bale 1902, 24)
    • Carmelites, Norwich (Humphreys 1990, FC6.1)
    • Cistercians, Meaux: Inventory of books, 1396 (Bell 1992, Z14.260a)
    • Cistercians, Meaux: Inventory of books, 1396 (Bell 1992, Z14.261)
    • Eton (Bale 1902, 23)
    • Library of King Henry VIII, Westminster: Inventory of the Upper Library, 1542 (Carley 2000, H2.*1229) = Royal 5 C.V
    • Oxford, Exeter College: Indenture recording delivery of books from Bishop William Reed, 8 Aug. 1400 (Thomson 2015, UO35.22b), ‘promotheum siue ferrum’
    • Oxford, Merton College: Inventory of books drawn up for the Marian commissioners, 1556 (Thomson 2015, UO68.*144), ‘Isag. Alex. Nequam’ = Merton College 254
    • Premonstratensians, Titchfield: Catalogue, Michaelmas 1400 (Bell 1992, P6.32a), ‘ferrum’
    • Robert Raynhull, vicar of St Cross, Canterbury, 1417 (Jacob 1938–1947, 2:119)
    • Winchester College: Inventory of the library, 30 July 1428 × 24 August 1429 (SC335.229a), ‘quidam tractatus grammatice super diccionibus uocatus Ferrum’
    Modern editions
    Modern translations
    Literature
  9. Corrogationes Promethei metrice

    Walther (1969), no. 6045

    Title: 
    Date: 
    Language:Latin
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents: 
    Incipit:Excipit .a. bissus. et ab hoc generatur abissus...
    Explicit:... Fluxus adest exta languentibus excoriantur.
    Manuscripts
    1. London, British Library, Royal 9 A. xiv, f. 141r–156r (s. xiii)
    2. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Digby 56, f. 101r–130r (s. xiii), belonging to Thomas Allen (Watson 1978, 311)
      rubric
      Incipiunt expositiones bibliothece (fol. 101r)
    3. Oxford, Saint John's College Library, 119, f. 121r–149v (s. xiii)
      exp.
      Dirigit ut cursus nauis nec promouet ipsam/ [Acts: lacks final five lines]
    Records
    • Benedictines, Peterborough: Catalogue, late 14th cent. (Friis-Jensen and Willoughby 2001, BP21.241h), ‘promotheus uersificatus’
    • Brigittines, Syon: Registrum of the library of the Brethren, c.1500-c.1524 (Gillespie and Doyle 2001, SS1.352c), ‘de quorundam terminorum explanacionibus omnium librorum Biblie in metro’
    • ?Premonstratensians, Titchfield: Catalogue, Michaelmas 1400 (Bell 1992, P6.147h, P6.156e)
    Modern editions
    Modern translations
    Literature
    • Hunt (1991, 1:247–250)
  10. Solatium fidelis anime

    Stegmüller (1950–1980), no. 8987

    Title:tractatus Moralium super Genesim qui dicitur Solatium fidelis anime (fol. iv)
    Date: 
    Language:Latin
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents: 
    Incipit:Incipit solatium fidelis anime...
    Explicit:
    inc. prol.
    Rerum subtilium fugas uenari⸵ presentis renuit pagine simplicitas.
    exp. prol.
    Ab ipso ergo sumamus initium quem constituere debemus finem laborum nostorum.
    inc. text
    De causa creationis rerum et hominis ingratitudine. Deus. totius origo boni⸵ quem non externe pepulerunt fingere cause materie fluitantis opus⸵
    exp. text
    Malum uero inobedientie detestemur. Quod nobis prestare dignetur. qui uiuit et regnat deus per infinita secula seculorum. Amen.
    Manuscript
    1. Canterbury, Cathedral Library, Lit. B. 6 (4), f. 1ra–28vb (s. xiiiin: St Augustine’s, Canterbury); note that there are two sets of foliation in this manuscript, the original being 1r–28v, and another 2r–29v.
    Records
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, St Augustine’s: Catalogue, 15th cent. (Barker-Benfield 2008, BA1.*17b), ‘tractatus moralis super genesim’, anon. = Canterbury, Lit. B. 6 (4)

    The only other record of Solatium is a seventeenth-century annotation to Super cantica (London, British Library, Royal 4 D. xi, f. 32r): ‘Neckami liber inscriptus Solatium fidelis animae’. The ‘Liber supplicationum’ noted by Damon (1957, 102) is Suppletio defectuum (Hunt 1984, 139).

    Modern editions
    Modern translations
    Literature
  11. Expositio super cantica canticorum in laudem gloriose ac perpetue uirginis Marie

    Stegmüller (1950–1980), no. 1168

    Title: 
    Date: 
    Language:Latin
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents:Laus beatissime uirginis was once thought to have been a separate work (McDonough 2004).
    Incipit and explicit:
    inc. prol.
    Humilitas uera gloriam excellencie et dignitatis feliciter
    exp. prol.
    Conferat nobis omnibus subsidium dominus noster iesus noster qui est benedictus in secula. Amen.
    inc. book 1
    Ortus deliciarum paradisi celestis scripture amena iocunda
    exp. book 1
    ut pro me misero misericordie mater intercedas ad dominum nostrum ihesum cristum filium tuum, cui laus et honor et imperium per infinita secula seculorum. Amen.
    inc. book 2
    Osculetur me osculo oris sui. [Song 1:1] Audite celi que loquor⸵ audiat terra uerba oris sui.
    exp. book 2
    Hec uita est quedam ymago future uite ad quam nos perduat qui est benedictus in secula amen.
    inc. book 3
    Gloriosa dei genitrix est et habundans materia laudis et preclara laus paterie scribencium.
    exp. book 3
    Maneat semper nobiscum dilectus. qui si quandoque uel ad tempus nobis recedat. reuertatur ad nos uelociter. Quod nos prestare dignetur⸵ qui est benedictus in secula. Amen.
    inc. book 4
    In lectulo meo per noctes quesiui … et in cubiculum genetricis mee. [Song 3:1–4] Cum nuptiarum sollempnitates festiue celebrantur. dum ad iocunda leticie spectacula hylariter concurritur. relegari procul debent tristicia. planctus. et meror.
    exp. book 4
    Opem nobis conferat dilectus noster iesus noster⸵ qui est benedictus in secula amen.
    inc. book 5
    Surge aquilo⸵ et ueni auster. perfla ortum meum. et fluant aromata illius. [Song 4:16] ‘Sumite materiam uestris qui scribitis equam uiribus. et uersate diu quid ferre recusent⸵ quid ualeant humeri.’ [Horace, Ars poetica 38–40] O si tam maturo consilio adquieuissem.
    exp. book 5
    Quod igitur malis compleri desideramus. in nobis compleat iesus cristus dominus noster. cui honor in seculorum secula Amen.
    inc. book 6
    Quid uidebis in sunamitem nisi choros castrorum. [Song 7:1] Legitur hester fuisse formosa ualde et incredibili pulchritudine. omnium oculis graciosa et amabilis.
    exp. book 6
    Supplico igitur mater salutis. amor mundi. celorum delicie⸵ ut pro me misero. misericordie mater intercedas ad dominum nostrum ihesum cristum filium tuum. cui laus et honor et imperium⸵ per infinita secula seculorum amen.
    Manuscripts
    1. Cambridge, University Library, Ii.2.31, f. 132ra–254va (s. xiv)
      rubric
      Prohemium Alex. Nequam super cantica.
    2. London, Lambeth Palace Library, 23, f. 1ra–143vb (s. xiv/xv: Durham)
    3. London, British Library, Royal 4 D. xi, f. 1ra–205vb (s. xiii1)
      rubric
      Alex. Nequam super cantica (fol. 1: s. xv)
    4. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Bodley 356 (SC 2716), f. 7ra–257vb (s. xiii: Bury St Edmunds)
      inc.
      /hominis deuotis (1.4)
      spine
      Alexander nequam super cantica (s. xiii)
      rubric, f. 52v
      Incipit expositio super cantica canticorum in laudem gloriose ac perpetue uirginis marie.
    5. Oxford, Balliol College Library, 39, f. 2r–133r (books 1–3) (s. xiii: Buildwas)
    6. Oxford, Balliol College Library, 40, f. 1r–118r (books 4.4–5) (s. xv: William Gray, bishop of Ely)
    7. Oxford, Magdalene College Library, 149, f. 1ra–194ra (s. xiii); given s. xv by John Mower (Emden 1957–1959, 1326–7)
    8. Oxford, New College Library, 43, f. 3r–235v (s. xviin: Archbishop Wareham)
    Records
    • Augustinian Canons, Cirencester: Leland, c.1536–40 (Webber and Watson 1998, A9.9), ‘de laude gloriosae uirginis’
    • Augustinian Canons, Leicester: Catalogue, 15th cent. (Webber and Watson 1998, A20.84 = A20.466 = A20.1480 = A20.1564)
    • Austin Friars, London: Leland, c.1536–40 (Humphreys 1990, F24.13)
    • Benedictines, Bury: Henry de Kirkestede, Catalogus, c.1360 (Rouse and Rouse 2004, K4.*2) = Leland, c.1536–40 (Sharpe et al. 1996, B16.*13) = Bodley 356
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, Christ Church: List of books repaired, 1508 (James 1903, BC8.42) = Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.1)
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, St Augustine’s: Catalogue, 15th cent. (Barker-Benfield 2008, BA1.807f)
    • Benedictines, Gloucester: Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.1) = Leland, c.1536–40 (Sharpe et al. 1996, B49.9 ?= B47.18, anon.)
    • Benedictines, Reading: Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.1)
    • Benedictines, St Albans: Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.1)
    • Benedictines, St Neots: Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.1)
    • Benedictines, York St Mary’s: Index catalogue of selected authors, 15th cent. (Sharpe et al. 1996, B120.501)
    • Brigittines, Syon: Registrum of the library of the Brethren, c.1500-c.1524 (Gillespie and Doyle 2001, SS1.449)
    • ?Carthusians, Hinton: Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.1)
    • Cistercians, Buildwas: Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.1) = Balliol College 39
    • Franciscans, London: Leland, c.1536–40 (Humphreys 1990, F7.13), ‘Alexander de s. Albano cognomento Necham super Cantica Canticorum siue in opus epithalamicum’
    • Oxford, Balliol College (Bale 1902, 26) = ?Balliol College 40
    • Oxford, Magdalen College: Will of John Mower, 12 April 1489 (Thomson 2015, UO147.*2) = Magdalen College 149
    • Richard Grafton (Bale 1902, 26)
    Modern editions
    Modern translations
    Literature
    • Fulton (1996); Fulton (1998); Guglielmetti (2006, 306–7); Holdsworth (1996); Loewe (1966); McDonough (2004); Riedlinger (1958, 320–33)
  12. De naturis rerum et super Ecclesiasten

    Stegmüller (1950–1980), no. 1172

    Title: 
    Date: 
    Language:Latin
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents: 
    Incipit and explicit:
    inc. book 1
    Forma decens. admiratione dignis nature munifice dotata deliciis
    exp. book 1
    Quid quod uesica carent?
    inc. book 2, prol.
    Eructauit cor patris uerbum quod bonum est⸵ [cf. Ps. 44:2] immo etiam ipsa bonitas est.
    exp. book 2, prol.
    ut de aquis et ornatu ipsorum. pisces loquor agamus.
    inc. book 2
    Secundum ueritatem doctrine aristotilice⸵ omnes aque sunt indifferentes secundum speciem.
    exp. book 2
    Samiis quandoque uti persuadebit uoluptas. ut uariatis calicibus⸵ uarientur et uina.
    inc. book 3
    Superfluo detinerer labore si species et uarietates uanitatum sufficienter exequi conarer.
    exp. book 3
    Sed proloxitatis tedium subterfugere uolens⸵ ad sequentia festino.
    inc. book 4
    Tenebre erant super faciem abissi. antequam abyssus abyssum inuocaret⸵ in uoce catharactarum.
    exp. book 4
    sed alius erit ipsius usus in gloria felicitatis eterne. ad quam nos perducat iesus cristus qui est benedictus in secula amen.
    inc. book 5
    Legentium mare timor remittitur. spes intenditur. augetur leticia. dum terram optatam letis intuentur aspectibus.
    exp. book 5
    Et ecce iam nutu diuino nobile opus ecclesiastes exposuimus. gratiarum acciones uberrimas persoluentes deo omnium bonorum largitori. cui honor et gloria per infinita secula seculorum amen.
    See also:
    • Corrogationes Promethei (1.2: Wright 1863, 16)
    • Expositio super cantica canticorum (1.2: Wright 1863, 16)
    • Solatium fidelis anime (1.2: Wright 1863, 16)
    Manuscripts
    1. Cambridge, Trinity College Library, R.16.3 (951), f. 1ra–153rb (s. xiii1); the additional chapter ‘De preuaricatione Salomonis et eius penitentia’ was a page from another manuscript, now added as fol. 88; capitula of book 1 added on front flyleaf, ‘Scripta \et laborata/ per manus fratris Iohannis Tempill. Anno domini mº ccccº xxxº ixº’ (fol. ivc) [www]
    2. Cambridge, Trinity College Library, R.16.4 (952), f. 1ra–237rb (s. xiiex: Oseney, s. xv); capitula of books 1–5, f. ira-iiivb
      rubric
      Incipit opus magistri Alexandri de sancto Albano de naturis rerum
    3. Cambridge, Trinity College Library, O.4.1 (1232), f. 1ra–168rb (s. xiii: Barnwell) [www]
      rubric
      Incipit opus magistri Alexandri de sancto Albano De Naturis rerum.
    4. Cambridge, University Library, Kk.4.5, f. 146ra–239rb (s. xiv2: Norwich)
      rubric
      Magister Alexander de naturis rerum.
    5. Durham, Cathedral Library, Hunter 58
      1. fols 1r–3v, alphabetical index by Oliver de Wakefeld
      2. fols 30r–54r (s. xivmed), excerpts
    6. Durham, University Library, Routh I b 16, pastedown (s. xivin: formerly at Magdalen College), De naturis rerum 2.14/19 (Ker [1954] 2004, no. 279)
    7. London, British Library, Cotton Tiberius A. xii, f. 46ra–94vb (s. xiii: Eynsham), books 3–5 only, burnt (Watson 1969, 24, no. 29)
    8. London, British Library, Harley 3737, f. 2ra–255rb (s. xii/xiii: St Albans) (Thomson 1982, no. 24) [www]
      rubric
      Incipit opus magistri Alexandri de sancto Albano de naturis rerum.
    9. London, British Library, Royal 12 F. xiv, f. 3ra–134rb (s. xiii); text includes the additional chapter ‘De preuaricatione et penitentia Salomonis’ (fol. 134rb-vb), with a reference to it at 3.10 (fol. 74rb)
      rubric
      De naturis rerum. Incipit opus magistri Alexandri de sancto Albano.
    10. London, British Library, Royal 12 G. xi (s. xv1). Three leaves lost after fol. 57, six after fol. 167, and one at the end.
      1. fols 1r–3r, index
      2. fols 4ra–208rb (s. xv)
        expl
        per ignem. Estet/ (5.12)
    11. Oxford, Corpus Christi College Library, 45, f. 4ra–185vb (s. xiii1: Reading)
      rubric
      Explicit tractatus magistri Alexandri Necham super ecclesiasten de naturis rerum. (fol. 185vb)
    12. Oxford, Corpus Christi College Library, 245, f. 1ra–94vb (s. xv: Syon, later to John Dee, whose cypher is on fol. 1) (Roberts and Watson 1990, 181, no. OM149)
      exp.
      potest gratiam/ [5.5]
    13. Oxford, Magdalene College Library, 139, f. 1ra–135vb (s. xiii: Cirencester)
      exp.
      latus cui preest/ [5.2]
    14. Oxford, Saint John's College Library, 51, f. 1ra–170va (s. xiii); later belonged to Henry Savile (Watson 1969, 18, no. 9)
    15. Windsor, St George’s Chapel, Jackson Collection 32 (s. xiii1), fragment

    Excerpts in Sol meldunensis.

    Records
    • Augustinian Canons, Bridlington: Leland, c.1536–40 (Webber and Watson 1998, A5.3), ‘A. N. super Ecclesiasten’
    • Augustinian Canons, Leicester: Catalogue, 15th cent. (Webber and Watson 1998, A20.467a–b = A20.1556 = A21.1)
    • Austin Friars, London: Leland, c.1536–40 (Humphreys 1990, F24.5), ‘A. \Necham/ de S. Albano de naturis rerum’
    • Austin Friars, York: Catalogue, 1382, with additions (Humphreys 1990, FA8.334)
    • Benedictines, Bury: Henry de Kirkestede, Catalogus, c.1360 (Rouse and Rouse 2004, K4.1), ‘de naturis rerum’
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, Christ Church: Prior Eastry’s catalogue, not after 1331 (James 1903, BC4.708a) = Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.2 = R42.6)
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, Christ Church: Prior Eastry’s catalogue, not after 1331 (James 1903, BC4.738a) = Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.2 = R42.6)
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, St Augustine’s: Catalogue, 15th cent. (Barker-Benfield 2008, BA1.866a–b), ‘Alexander Necquam de naturis rerum et in eodem libro idem alexander super ecclesiastem’
    • Benedictines, Crowland: Select list, early 14th cent. (Sharpe et al. 1996, B24.72)
    • Benedictines, Gloucester: Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.2)
    • Benedictines, Goldcliff: Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.2 = R42.6)
    • Benedictines, Reading: Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.2) = Corpus Christi College 45
    • Benedictines, St Albans: Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.2) = Harley 3737
    • Benedictines, Westminster (Robinson and James 1909, 32: no. 115)
    • Brigittines, Syon: Registrum of the library of the Brethren, c.1500-c.1524 (Gillespie and Doyle 2001, SS1.154)
    • Brigittines, Syon: Registrum of the library of the Brethren, c.1500-c.1524 (Gillespie and Doyle 2001, SS1.*870k), ‘de naturis rerum’ = Barlow 49; Corpus Christi College 245
    • Cambridge, King’s College (Bale 1902, 24)
    • Cambridge, Queens’ College: Inventory, 1472 (Clarke 2002, UC50.86), ‘Alexander Nekkam de naturis rerum’
    • Carmelites, London: Leland, c.1536–40 (Humphreys 1990, FC5.28), ‘super Ecclesiasten Forma decens
    • ?Carthusians, Hinton: Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.6)
    • Carthusians, Witham: Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.2)
    • Cistercians, Bordesley: Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.2 = R42.6)
    • Cistercians, Buildwas: Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.2 = R42.6)
    • Dominicans, King’s Lynn: Books bequeathed by Thomas Lexham, 1382 (Humphreys 1990, F19.31), ‘idem super Ecclesiastem, Forma decens’
    • Franciscans, London: Leland, c.1536–40 (Humphreys 1990, F7.5), ‘Alexander \Necham/ de s. Albano de naturis rerum’
    • Library of King Henry VIII, Westminster: Inventory of the Upper Library, 1542 (Carley 2000, H2.*592) = Cambridge, Trinity College Library, O.4.1 (1232)
    • Oxford University, gift of Master John Somerset, 1452 (Anstey 1898, 1:309–310 (no. 218); Emden 1957–1959, 3:1727–1728; cited in Hunt 1984, 122n25)
    • Oxford, Canterbury College: Inventory of Warden Edward Bocking, on entering office, 1510 (Pantin 1947, 1:46, no. 34)
    • Oxford, Merton College: Inventory of books drawn up for the Marian commissioners, 1556 (Thomson 2015, UO68.179)
    • Oxford, New College: Inventory of books in the library, c.1386 and later (Thomson 2015, UO70.34; Leach 1896, 224, no. 134)

    Henry de Kirkestede, Catalogus, c.1360 (Rouse and Rouse 2004, K4.7), ‘super ecclesiasten’, has no additions to the Registrum.

    Modern editions
    • Wright (1863, 1–354: books 1–2 only); a full edition and translation is in preparation by Faith Wallis (McGill University).
    Modern translations
    • en anglais:
      • Faith Wallis (in preparation)
    Literature
  13. De commendatione uini

    Title: 
    Date: 
    Dédicataire:Thomas Carbonel, abbot of Gloucester from 1179 until 1205.
    Language:Latin
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents: 
    Incipit and explicit:
    rubric to epistle
    Magister alexander Domino Thome abbati claudie.
    inc. epist.
    Munus. set munusculum tibi mitto thoma
    exp. epist.
    Recreent. ut celicum sentias aroma
    inc. book 1
    Cum (Dum Gg.6.42) corpus curas⸵ studeas subducere curas
    exp. book 1
    Hoc michi solamen nunquam desit precor. Amen.
    inc. book 2
    Rursus Bache tuas laudes describo libenter
    exp. book 2
    Cordi (exordi Gg.6.42) lingua meo dissona semper erit.
    inc. book 3
    Nobilis est potus me iudice nobile uinum
    exp. book 3
    Ipse deus. perpes gloria. uera quies.
    Manuscripts
    1. Cambridge, University Library, Gg.6.42, f. 224v–232r (s. xiiimed)
      title
      Versus magistri alexandri nequam. de Vino.
    2. Madrid, Real Biblioteca del Palacio Real, II.468, f. 179v–188v (s. xiv)
    3. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, lat. 11867, f. 214va–215vb, 216va–217rb (s. xiii2) [Gall]

    Excerpts in Oxford, Bodleian Library, Digby 157, f. 101r (s. xv: ? Battle).

    Bale owned the Madrid manuscript (Bale 1902, 26).

    Modern editions
    • Hochgürtel (2008); Esposito (1915, 452–56, excerpts from book 1); Walther (1965, 112–21, books 2–3)
    Modern translations
    Literature
  14. Meditatio de Magdalena

    Title: 
    Date: 
    Language:Latin
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents: 
    Incipit:Osculetur me osculo oris sui. [Song 1:1] Ad mensam spiritualis refectionis recumbente sapientia. uenerabili uirtutum cetu stipata⸵ pulsat ad ostium penitentia. causam aduentus ostiarie prudentie uidelicet. manifestans humiliter...
    Explicit:... In celo cum cristo regnans⸵ leta tuis nuntia. que in terris agens⸵ leticie nuntia fuisti.
    Manuscript
    1. Hereford, Cathedral Library, O.i.2, f. 131ra–42rb) (s. xiiiin: Gloucester, ‘Liber Thome de Bredone abbatis Gloucestrie’ [1223–8])
      title
      Meditatio magistri Alexandri de magdalena.

    Excerpts in Sol meldunensis, which refers to it as Tractatus super admirabili conuersione beatissime Magdalenes.

    Records
    • Bale (1902, 25)
    • Benedictines, Bury: Leland, c.1536–40 (Sharpe et al. 1996, B16.4) = Henry de Kirkestede, Catalogus, c.1360 (Rouse and Rouse 2004, K4.6)
    Modern editions Modern translations
    Literature
  15. Tractatus super mulierem fortem

    Title: 
    Date: 
    Language:Latin
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents: 
    Incipit and explicit:
    inc. book 1 (Mary Magdalene)
    Mulierem fortem quis inueniet? Procul et de ultimis finibus pretium eius. [Prov. 31:10] Splendor radii solaris in iaspide⸝ serenitat aeris exposito⸵ uirescere. in carbunculo⸵ rutilare. in cristallo⸵ scintillare uidetur.
    exp. book 1
    Faueat ceptis sapientia. que in beata uirgine edificauit sibi domum decoris⸵ septem gratie columnis munitam.
    inc. book 2 (De gloriosa uirgine)
    Mulierem fortem. quis inueniet? Exurge psalterium et cithara⸵ in laudes gloriose uirginis.
    exp. book 2
    Remuenerabor egregie⸵ si pro me apud serenissimum iudicem digneris intercedere.
    inc. book 3 (Laus sacrosancte matris ecclesie)
    Mulierem fortem quis inueniet? Preconiis gloriose dei genitricis⸵ laudes sacrosancte matris ecclesie decreuimus adicere. Vtraque uirgo. utraque⸵ mater. utraque⸵ uirgo mater.
    exp. book 3
    Et ecce iam opus consummauimus in laudem domini nostri cui honor et gloria per infinita secula seculorum. Amen.
    inc. envoi
    Fortasse tuo liber superstes eris alexandro.
    exp. envoi
    pro me affectuose dominum exorabit ihesum cristum⸵ qui cum patre et spiritu sancto uiuit et regnat deus per infinita seculorum secula⸵ Amen.
    See also:
    Manuscripts
    1. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Bodley 528 (SC 2221), f. 1r–53v (s. xiii: Reading). Inscription and list of contents now a flyleaf (fol. i) in Bodleian, Auct. D.4.18 (SC 2094)
    2. Oxford, Jesus College Library, 94, f. 79ra–125ra (s. xiiiin: Cirencester)

    Excerpts in Sol meldunensis and Oxford, Bodleian Library, Hatton 102 (SC 4051), f. 200v–201r.

    Records
    • Augustinian Canons, Cirencester: Leland, c.1536–40 (Webber and Watson 1998, A9.*1x) = Jesus College, 94
    • Augustinian Canons, Leicester: Catalogue, 15th cent. (Webber and Watson 1998, A20.†297f), ‘comparaciones de beata uirgine’
    • Augustinian Canons, Mottisfont: Henry de Kirkestede, Catalogus, c.1360 (Rouse and Rouse 2004, K4.5)
    • Benedictines, Bury: Henry de Kirkestede, Catalogus, c.1360 (Rouse and Rouse 2004, K4.5)
    • ?Benedictines, Dover, St Martin’s: John Whitfield’s catalogue, 1389 (Stoneman 1996, BM1.†198b)
    • Benedictines, Reading: Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.3) = Bodley 528
    • Carthusians, Witham: Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.3)
    Modern editions
    • Mahoney (1971, bk. 1 only)
    Modern translations
    • en français:
    Literature
  16. Tractatus super parabolas Salomonis

    Stegmüller (1950–1980), no. 1164

    Title: 
    Date:A. had begun the work by the time he wrote Speculum speculationum 3.81.1 (fol. 68va): ‘Memini autem me aliqua proposuisse super hoc in ingressu tractatus quem institui super parabolas.’
    Language:Latin
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents: 
    Incipit and explicit:
    inc. proem
    Meditatio humana nunc in ipsum hominem reflectitur. nunc in ceteras transit creaturas⸵ nunc in auctorem rerum dirigitur.
    exp. proem
    Set quid? Apicula cum aculeo destitui ceperit⸵ mellificare desinit.
    inc. book 1
    Parabole salomonis filii dauid regis israel. ad sciendam sapientiam et disciplinam. et ad intelligenda uerba prudentie et suscipiendam eruditionem doctrine. iustitiam et iuditium et equitatem. ut detur paruulis astucia⸵ adolescenti scientia. [Prov. 1:1–4] Vereor ne dum liber parabolarum˷ nostris se concedit manibus⸵ inuidia faciem infecta liuore˷ intonet ore cinico dicens. O dedecus⸵ o indignatio.
    exp.
    [discussing Prov. 3:27] Ne audias a domino cum phariseis. Ipsi non introistis⸵ et eos qui introibant prohibuistis.
    Manuscript
    1. Oxford, Jesus College Library, 94, f. 57ra–74rb (s. xiiiin)
      title
      Incipit tractatus magistri Alexandri abbatis cyrenc’ super parabolas salomonis.

    Numerous excerpts in Sol meldunensis and a brief passage in Oxford, Bodleian Library, Hatton 102 (SC 4051), f. 200v.

    Records
    • Augustinian Canons, Cirencester: Leland, c.1536–40 (Webber and Watson 1998, A9.*1x) = Jesus College, 94
    • Dominicans, Lincoln: Leland, c.1536–40 (Humphreys 1990, FD5.1)
    • Carmelites, Hulne: Catalogue, 1366 (Humphreys 1990, F15.1)
    Modern editions
    Modern translations
    • en français:
    Literature
  17. Speculum speculationum

    Title: 
    Date:Written after 1201, as indicated by a quotation of Innocent III (Thomson 1988, ix). Presumably begun before Alexander became an abbot in 1213, as rubric on fol. 1ra names him a canon.
    Language:Latin
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents: 
    Incipit and explicit:
    inc. prol.
    Paradisum uoluptatis subdiuidit
    exp. prol.
    sub breui uerborum forma perstringantur.
    inc. text
    Si duo essent prima rerum principia
    exp. text
    libertati liberi arbitrii enucleande.
    See also:
    • Gloss on the Psalter (1.32.2)
    • Super cantica (4.6.1)
    • Corrogationes Promethei (1.15.5, 3.13.3)
    • De laudibus diuine sapientie (3.13.3)
    • De naturis rerum (1.1: 1.prol.11; 3.5.2. 1.6: 3.13.3. 1.8: 2.1.6. 1.20: 2.13.4. 2.prol: 2.1.6)
    • Sacerdos ad altare (3.1.3)
    • Serm. 95 (1.3.3)
    • Super mulierem fortem (1.2.10)
    • Suppletio defectuum (3.82.2)
    • Commentarium in Parabolas (1.2.10, 3.81.1)
    • Verse (4.15.2)
    Manuscript
    1. London, British Library, Royal 7 F. i, f. 1ra–94ra (s. xiii1)
      rubric
      Incipit speculum speculationum magistri Alexandri canonici Cirecestrie. (fol. 1ra)

    Excerpts in Sol meldunensis: fols 70r, 143v.

    Records Modern editions Modern translations
    • en français:
    Literature
  18. Corrogationes noui Promethei

    Title: 
    Date:Refers to the death of William de Montibus in 1213 (Hunt 1984, 27; Goering 1992, 6–7); one manuscript refers to Alexander as a canon, but the text seems to have been finished after his journey to Rome (Wedge 1967, 19–22; Rigg 1992, 116).
    Language:Latin
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents: 
    Incipit and explicit:
    inc.
    MS: Induet abbatem qui plus optabit amari
    as conjectured by Gärtner (2011): Quid decet abbatem qui plus optabit amari
    exp. (not made clear in MS; two possibilities)
    Que candore caro lilia uincit erit. (line 1624)
    delirus ridiculusque senex. (line 1630)
    Manuscripts
    1. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, lat. 11867 (s. xiii2): two versions, one at fol. 216ra–va (lines 1–127 only, tit. ‘Incipiunt metrice corrogaciones noui Promothei’), the other at fols 231va–238ra (tit. ‘Incipiunt metrice prorogaciones noui Promothei’) [Gall]
      1. fol. 216ra–va, lines 1–127
        rubric
        ‘Incipiunt metrice corrogaciones noui Promothei’ (fol. 216ra)
      2. fols 231va–8ra, lines 1–1622 (s. xiii2)
        rubric
        ‘Incipiunt metrice prorogaciones noui Promothei’ (fol. 231va)

    Lines 318–28 quoted in Sol meldunensis (fol. 70bisr–v). Further excerpts in prose: fols 72v–73r, 147v–148r. Five verse passages are quoted by Robert Holcot in his commentary on Proverbs that do not otherwise survive (Damon 1957).

    Records
    • ?Augustinian Canons, Barnwell: Leland, c.1536–40 (Webber and Watson 1998, A2.†3), ‘prometicus Alexandri Nequam carmine prosa intermixta’
    Modern editions Modern translations
    Literature
  19. Laus sapientie diuine

    Title: 
    Date: 
    Language:Latin
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents: 
    Incipit:Gloria maiestas deitas sapientia uirtus...
    Explicit:... Cum sis ingenii gloria magna mei.
    Manuscripts
    1. Cambridge, Gonville and Caius College Library, 372 (621), f. 66r–140v (s. xv); text lacks 3.593–734 (fol. 92v)
      rubric
      Incipit liber magistri Alexandri de laude diuine sapiencie
      exp.
      origo fuit/ [10.322]
    2. Cambridge, Trinity College Library, R.3.1 (580), f. 1ra–30v (s. xvin)
      rubric
      Incipit liber magistri Alexandri abbatis Cirencestrie qui inscribitur Laus sapiende diuine
      exp.
      placere uiro/ [10.286]
    3. London, British Library, Royal 8 E. ix, f. 1r–88v (s. xvin; Merton priory); manuscript used by Wright (1863), which divides the work into ten rather than seven parts: no. 3 is the equivalent of 3.1 to 3.964; no. 4 of 3.965 to the end of 4; no. 5 = 5; no. 6 = 6–8; no. 7 = 9–10. See summary in Rigg (1992, 119).
    4. Madrid, Real Biblioteca del Palacio Real, II.468, f. 30r–179v; 189r–203v (s. xiv)
    5. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, lat. 11866, f. 40r–87v (s. xvii); ends at 2.868 [Gall]
    6. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, lat. 11867, f. 189vb–214va (s. xiii2) [Gall]
      title
      Incipit liber magistri Alexandri canonici cyrencestrie qui inscribitur laus sapiencie diuine.

    Excerpts in Sol meldunensis and the notebook of John Curteys, Winchester College/New College in Oxford, Bodleian Library, Bodley 487 (SC 2067).

    Records
    • Augustinian Canons, Cirencester: Leland, c.1536–40 (Webber and Watson 1998, A9.6)
    • Augustinian Canons, Leicester: Catalogue, 15th cent. (Webber and Watson 1998, A20.467c)
    • Bale (1902, 26) = Biblioteca de Palacio II.468
    • Benedictines, Hyde: Leland, c.1536–40 (Sharpe et al. 1996, B51.1)
    • Benedictines, Peterborough: Catalogue, late 14th cent. (Friis-Jensen and Willoughby 2001, BP21.301a)
    • Benedictines, Reading (recorded in London, British Library, Harley 979, f. 1v)
    Modern editions
    • Wright (1863, 357–503); Berry (1978, bks 1, 2.1–216, 2.405–84, 4.252–435)
    Modern translations
    Literature
  20. Sacerdos ad altare

    Title: 
    Date:Refers to Gerald of Wales, Gemma ecclesiastica, finished after 1201 (McDonough 2010, ix; Bartlett 1982, 218).
    Language:Latin
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents: 
    Incipit and explicit:
    inc.
    Sacerdos ad altare accessurus
    exp.
    clausus puscula muniatur.
    inc. gloss
    Sacerdos ut dicit Priscianus est nomen compositum
    exp. gloss
    ad ipsum finaliter tendere debemus.
    See also:
    • Laus sapientie diuine
    • Corrogationes Promethei
    • Gloss on the Psalter
    • De naturis rerum
    • Commentary on the Song of Songs
    Manuscript
    1. Cambridge, Gonville and Caius College Library, 385 (605), pp. 7–61 (s. xiii)
    Éditions anciennes
    Modern editions Modern translations
    • en français:
    Literature
  21. Suppletio defectuum

    Title: 
    Date:Refers to death of King John (October 1216).
    Language:Latin
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents: 
    Incipit:Ornatu uario mundus depingitur artis...
    Explicit:... Compositus finem principiumque tenet.
    Manuscript
    1. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, lat. 11867, f. 218va–31va (s. xiii2) [Gall]
      title
      Incipit suplecio defectuum operis magistri Alexandri quod deseruit laudi sapiencie diuine.

    Excerpt in Sol meldunensis (fol. 70v = 2.547–8); two quotations by Holcot (Damon 1957, 101–2).

    Modern editions
    • McDonough (1999, bk. 1); Hochgürtel (2008)
    Modern translations
    • en français:
    Literature
  22. Sermons

    Title: 
    Date: 
    Language:Latin
    Genre:Sermon
    Form:Prose
    Contents:Listed in Hunt (1984, 150–53); Schneyer (1969–1990, 1:271–277).
    Incipit and explicit: 
    Manuscripts
    1. Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, Parker Library, 217 (s. xiii: Worcester); contains nos. 1–2, 4–18, 21–2, 26–7, 29, 32–3, 35–6, 41–2, (96); two further sermons rejected by Hunt (1984, 151): Cum immundus spiritus (fols 134v–135r) and Veni sancte spiritus (fol. 120r) [www]
    2. Cambridge, Peterhouse College Library, 255, f. 157vb–158rb; 159rb–vb; 169ra–170va; 171va–173vb (s. xiii1). Contains nos. 2, 4, 8, 18, 37, 81–6, (97). The folios appear to have been renumbered since the publication of the catalogue (which Hunt reproduces).
      • 157vb: Que est ista que ascendit de deserto … Spicas licet legere post manus messorum booz, et mel cum sumitate uirge Ionathe degustare. … [158rb] … sequatur et massa. Quod nobis p. dig. qui ui. et r.
      • 159rb: Dulce est lumen et desiderabile est oculis uidere solem. Qui detmentur lucto doloris appropinquante die saltem aliquo reficuntur solatio … [159vb] … ad hanc uisionem ad hanc comprehensionem perducat nos ille qui est uera lux. Qui cum patre et spiritu sancto ui. et r.
      • 169ra: Debilitata est fortitudo portantis, et nimia est humus, et nos non poterimus edificare murum. Viri fratres portare debetis alter alterius onera, ut quilibet uirum alii conpaciatur. … [169va] … expellat et desiderium celeste uobis conferre dignetur. Qui cum patre et filio et spiritu sancto, etc.
      • 169va: In quadragesima. Operamini opus uestrum ante tempus, et dabit uobis mercedem uestram in tempore suo. Vt sciretis et intelligeretis, quod sit opus uestrum, opus hominum, opus cristianorum. … [170va] … qui obediens fuit usque ad mortem, ut cum eo in celeste regum feliciter permanere possitis, ipso adiuante qui u. et r.
      • 171ra: Cantate domino can. no. quia mi. fecit. Fratres sanctus Dauid prophetarum maximus nos … [171va] reuelet in maiestate sua. Vt sum intermissione ei canticum nouum cum sanctis cantare possimus, quod n. p.
    3. Cambridge, University Library, Ii.1.24, f. 123ra–127va, 140rb–2vb: rejected by Hunt (1984, 22, 151); also contains no. 28: fols 141r–142vb
    4. Canterbury, Cathedral Library, Lit. B. 13 (57, iii), f. 47ra–71rb (s. xiii: Christ Church, Canterbury). Contains nos. 1–3, 7, 18, 24, 27, 39, (103), (104) and a letter from Walter of Mileto
    5. Hereford, Cathedral Library, O.i.2, f. 147v–149r (s. xiii: Gloucester). Contains no. 98 only. See Hunt (1984, 146)
    6. London, Lambeth Palace Library, 481, f. 88r–91r (s. xiii); contains nos. 31–33
    7. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Hatton 102 (SC 4051), f. 135r–v, 201r–v (s. xiii2: Hereford, Franciscans); contains excerpts from nos. 8, (99)–(101)
    8. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Lyell 8, f. 119va–b (s. xiii: Cistercians, Fountains); contains no. 16
    9. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Wood empt. 13 (SC 8601) (s. xiii1: owned by St Augustine’s, Canterbury)
    10. Oxford, Merton College Library, 180, f. 159rb–162vb (s. xiii); contains nos. 2, 11, 13, (10S)–(104)
    Records
    • Augustinian Canons, Lanthony: Catalogue, late 14th cent. (Webber and Watson 1998, A16.*229x) = Lambeth 481
    • Augustinian Canons, Leicester: Catalogue, 15th cent. (Webber and Watson 1998, A20.192 = A20.469a)
    • Augustinian Canons, Leicester: Catalogue, 15th cent. (Webber and Watson 1998, A20.469a)
    • Benedictines, Bury: Henry de Kirkestede, Catalogus, c.1360 (Rouse and Rouse 2004, K4.17), ‘de annunciatione sermones 6’
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, St Augustine’s: Catalogue, 15th cent. (Barker-Benfield 2008, BA1.1575c)
    • Benedictines, Canterbury, St Augustine’s: Catalogue, 15th cent. (Barker-Benfield 2008, BA1.*675) = Wood empt. 13
    • Benedictines, Canterbury-Christ Church: Prior Eastry’s catalogue, not after 1331 (James 1903, BC4.994) = Canterbury, Lit. B. 13 (57, iii)
    • Benedictines, Crowland: Select list, early 14th cent. (Sharpe et al. 1996, B24.95)
    • Benedictines, Peterborough: Catalogue, late 14th cent. (Friis-Jensen and Willoughby 2001, BP21.104g), ‘decem sermones Alexandri Nekham’
    • Benedictines, Peterborough: Catalogue, late 14th cent. (Friis-Jensen and Willoughby 2001, BP21.89a)
    • Benedictines, Peterborough: Catalogue, late 14th cent. (Friis-Jensen and Willoughby 2001, BP21.90g, BP21.92e,k)
    • Benedictines, Ramsey: Henry de Kirkestede, Catalogus, c.1360 (Rouse and Rouse 2004, K4.13), ‘sermones ab aduentu domini’
    • Benedictines, St Albans: Registrum Anglie, early 14th cent. (Mynors, Rouse, and Rouse 1991, R42.9)
    Modern editions
    Modern translations
    • en français:
    Literature

Hymns and Minor Verses

List in Hunt (1984, 141–45). To this should be added the hymn closing Sol meldunensis (Cambridge, University Library, Gg.6.42), [De passione saluatoris (fol. 237r–v)], beginning ‘Splendor patris. fons. sol. ares’.

Literature

Lost works

  1. De nuptiis Mercurii

    Title: 
    Date: 
    Language:Latin
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents: 
    Incipit: 
    Explicit: 

    Only extant extracts found in Thomas of Ringstead, Postills on Proverbs (McDonough 2006, xiv; Hunt 1984, 146; edited in Hunt 1936, 238; also quoted by Elias of Thriplow, Fragmenta 58: Colker 2007, 167).

  2. Epistola magistri Alexandri ad quemdam discipulum

    Title: 
    Date: 
    Language:Latin
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents: 
    Incipit:Sibi predilecto quondam discipulo...
    Explicit: 
    Manuscript
    1. Oxford, Magdalene College Library, 168, f. 51r, no. 28 (reference in table of contents, but leaf removed: see Hunt 1984, 153).
  3. Passio sancti Albani

    Title: 
    Date: 
    Language:Latin
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents: 
    Incipit: 
    Explicit: 

    All that survives is one couplet in the Distinctiones Monastice (Hunt 1984, 28).

Collections

  1. Geoffrey Brito, Sol meldunensis

    Title: 
    Date: 
    Language: 
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents:Contents listed in Hochgürtel (2008, xxii–xxiv).
    Manuscript
    1. Cambridge, University Library, Gg.6.42 (1246–60, Cirencester)
    Modern editions
    Modern translations
    Literature
  2. Madrid Anthology

    Title: 
    Date: 
    Language: 
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents:Contents listed in Hochgürtel (2008, xxvi–xxvii).
    Manuscript
    1. Madrid, Real Biblioteca del Palacio Real, II.468 (s. xiv)
    Modern editions
    Modern translations
    Literature
  3. Paris Anthology

    Title: 
    Date: 
    Language: 
    Genre: 
    Form: 
    Contents:Contents listed in Hochgürtel (2008, xxix–xl).
    Manuscript
    1. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, lat. 11867 (s. xiii2) [Gall]
    Modern editions
    Modern translations
    Literature
Rédaction: Andrew Dunning
Dernière mise à jour: 25 février 2017